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The Great Depression
Transcript of The Great Depression
It was said to be caused by a combination of the 1929 crash of the stock market and the closing of banks. Stock prices had a decline of 89% and millions were left homeless.
The Great Depression ended in the mid-1930s (particularly the 1936) but in some countries it lasted until World War II. The Dust Bowl The Dust Blow, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a severe series of dust storms, which destroyed American and Canadian prairies in the 1930s, particularly in 1934 and 1936.
The dust storms were caused by not having proper anchors to keep the soil in place which then caused to soil to dry up and turn into dust. it was also caused by a severe drought. Spam
Toll House Chocolate Chips
Kraft Macaroni and Cheese
Krispy Kreme Doughnuts New Foods Unemployment Our Society Today Name some things that you can not live without. Our Society Today Some of you many have listed :
A Cell Phone
Your Favorite Pair of Shoes But living during the Great Depression, these all would seem like silly thoughts based on the hardships people faced during the tragic time. This is the most famous photo from The Great Depression. She was the mother of seven children. The Dust Bowl The Dust Bowl Information on The Great Depression People who did not have jobs would often live in a shantytown, also known as Hoovervilles. Hoovervilles were named after President Hoover because many citizen blamed him for the depression.
Hoovervilles would have housing built out of any materials that could be found freely like driftwood, cardboard, or even newspaper.
Although the depression did end in 1936, the American economy was still extremely bad.
Only towns had electricity.
While this economic downfall was going on, in Germany the Nazi Party was on the rise to power. (1933)
The income of the average family was reduced 40% from $2,300 to $1,500.
The population was 123,188,000 in 48 states. These are what Shantytowns (Hoovervilles) looked like in the 1930s These are modern day shantytowns. These are normally found in third-world countries. Unemployment Where there was a job opening, there were often literally a thousand people applying for the same job.
The unemployment rose to 25% during this time period. The unemployment rate has never rose that high again, but did reach extreme measures in 2009, rising to 10%
Americans state that it was a recession, but compared to the Great depression we are well off. Currently the US unemployment rate is 7.7% Which is not the worst, but does not happen to be our personal best. Food Prices Milk- 14 cents a quart
Bread- 9 cents a loaf
Round Steak- 42 cents a pound
Pound of Coffee- 29 cents
Pound of hamburger- 25 cents
Pound of Roast Beef- 15 cents
Pound of Crackers- 12 cents
Three Cans of Pork and Beans- 19 cents
Pound of Raisins- 9 cents Fun Fact The Chocolate Chip Cookie was accidentally developed by Ruth Graves Wakefield in 1930. Expenses Monthly Teacher Salary - $60
House Work for One Week - $3
Farmer Monthly Salary - $30
Doctor's Bill for Childbirth - $25 Our society today is very involved in technology.
But back then, they could not entertain themselves with a game of Angry Birds. With the economic downfall, many of them could not even afford to provide themselves with proper shelter.
Music was a big form of entertainment since it cost little to nothing and it made people enjoy themselves for a short amount of time even though the world around them was not in a great position.
Films and the radio were also forms of entertainment. With films like Three Little Pig and radio shows like Little Orphan Annie. Entertainment This is the Radio series Little Orphan Annie back in the 1930s. Fashion Coco Chanel inspired fashion and started fashion trends often
A V-Shaped back opening was to represent wealthy and elegant
Sweater vest and trousers were trends
Men had "Grandpa style" inspired by Edward III
The Zipper was invented in 1933 by Schiaparelli
Silk was considered high-end. Fashion Women's fashion 1929 and 1933 Crime With the prices rising, people resorted to theft.
Some famous criminals of the decade were :
Baby Face Nelson
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow
John Dillinger Fashion Prices Man's wool tops coat - $10
Pair of Shoes - $2
A New Car -$600
Gallon of Gas - $0.18 Baby Face Nelson Baby Face Nelson was a member of John Dillinger's gang. He has killed the most FBI agents than any single American citizen. When he died he was only twenty-five. He was known as Baby Face Nelson because when he was described by a woman he had robbed ( the woman happened to be the mayor's wife ) she had described him by saying he was hardly a man, with boy-like features and a baby face. Baby Face Nelson Baby Face Nelson's mug shot in 1931. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow This bank robbing duo are among the most famous outlaws in history. They have killed nine people during their spree. They often took pictures to give the impression they were enjoying the lifestyle they lived, even though they were on the run and were under stress to keep moving and survive. While Barrow was in jail, an inmate sexually assaulted him over the course of a year until Barrow cracked his skull with a metal bar. The Duo continued to get in trouble until May 1934. They were killed with numerous head shots on each corpse and were shot over 50 times. This is the car Bonnie and Clyde were supposedly shot in. Bonnie and Clyde This is the thieving couple. John Dillinger Dillinger has robbed banks numerous times and has accumulated over $300,000 in total. He has killed around 13 lawmen with his gang. He was 31 when he was shot down by FBI agents who happened to be waiting for him at the Biograph Theatre. There is a movie based on his gang called "Public Enemies", but the 2009 film has inaccuracies on the timelines of deaths. John Dillinger John Dillinger Comparison to Society Today Today, instead of worrying about food, we tend to worry on how to get our hands on the latest iPhones. Although prices today compared to the 1930s have rose drastically, our society is no longer in a depression and tends to lower the unemployment rate all the time.
Our economy is not always the greatest but, we tend to keep up with the technological advancements which sometimes is not always the greatest things. Nia, Briane, Matthew, and I challenge you guys (Our Classmates) to stop using any technology for an hour each day and read a book. You would probably finish this book in within a week. After the Great Depression Entertainment- After The Great Depression comic books such as Superman, Batman, Captain America, Wonder Woman, and Captain Marvel were very popular.
News- May 6, 1937 The Hindenburg explodes in Lakehurst, New Jersey.
World War II- World War II breaks out on September 1, 1939. Comics Batman in the 1940s THE HINDENBURG World War II The Hindenburg exploding. John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born on February 27, 1902 in Salinas, California. He did graduate from Salinas High School and and attended Stanford University for five years, but then dropped out without a degree. His parents supported him and gave him loans while he wrote. He has worked as a novelist, a short story writer and a war correspondent. His most famous stories are Of Mice and Men, The Grapes of Wrath, and East of Eden. John Steinbeck been rewarded a Nobel Prize for Literature. He died on December 20, 1968 of heart disease and congestive heart failure. He was married three times and was married to Elaine Scott at the time of his death. John Steinbeck http://video.pbs.org/video/2248107550/