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Transcript of Reality-TV
people during a hundred days in
house, watched continuously by 24
television cameras, to which the viewers,
at the intercession of the inmates,
once in two weeks vote against one of
the inmates who has to leave the house,
until the last person to stay can be called
Olga San Andrés Iborra
1914 - 1918
1939 - 1945
1945 - 1991
1955 - 1975
1980 - 1990
Sovjet - Nazi - Allies
- Travelogue films
WONDER & FASCINATION
SUBJECTIVE & INFLUENCIAL
VHS & VCR
Oxforddictionaries definition of reality TV:
television programmes in which real people are
continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining
rather than informative.
(Social) cultural changes
Generations Reality TV
- News, Emergencies
> police, ambulance,
- almost no narration
viewer = voyeuristic
- Emotional, Entertainment
> love, marriage,
- lots of narration/ host
viewer = involved
- Reallife soap opera
> camera's recording
events as they happen
(or are constructed)
- voice-over narration and self-reflection
viewer = voyeuristic and
Contest / Make-over
Changing traditional concepts
•First reality game show (prize > money)
•Clear mix of ‘reality’ and entertainment
•Narration from within (a flow, like a series)
•Camera’s everywhere (nothing can be ‘missed’)
•Participating viewers (internet, phone vote)
> Multimedia concept
(Costera Meijer and Reesink 2000: 10)
DIFFERENCES IN EUROPE
Countries with their own version
Countries participating in an international version
Countries voting in a foreign version
No Big Brother
Events As They Happen
The 'ordinary' life of 'ordinary' people.
The 'ordinary' life of 'famous' people.
Big Brother a New Concept
The Netherlands 1999 > Endemol
''the voluntary locking up of nine people during a
hundred days in a house, watched continuously by 24
television cameras, to which the viewers, at the
intercession of the inmates, once in two weeks vote
against one of the inmates, who has to leave the house,
until the last person to stay in can be called a winner.''
Differences in the format
-Loft story format
-An "evil" touch
In the end...
Jeremy McDonald (BB10 EEUU)
Maeva Vazeille (SS4 France)
The Spanish case
->70.000€ to Cruz Roja
"A degree of performance will be central to the show".
The mix of personalities
Good for rating
Good for business
Andrejevic, Mark. Reality TV: the work of being watched. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.
Costera Meijer, I. and Reesink, M. (eds). Reality Soap! Big Brother en de opmkomst van het Multimediaconcept. Amaterdam: Boom, 2000.
Hill, Annette. Reality TV: audiences and popular factual television. London: Routledge, 2005.
Holmes, Su and Deborah Jermyn (eds). Understanding reality television. London: Routledge, 2004.
Huff, Richard M. Reality Television. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006.
Which is the limit?
Charlie Parsons > Survivor