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Reality-TV

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by

Marieke Zwarter

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of Reality-TV

''the voluntary locking up of nine
people during a hundred days in
house, watched continuously by 24
television cameras, to which the viewers,
at the intercession of the inmates,
once in two weeks vote against one of
the inmates who has to leave the house,
until the last person to stay can be called
the winner''
Reality TV
Olga San Andrés Iborra
Marieke Zwarter

1930
1925
1935
1940
1945
Timeline
1950
1960
1955
1965
1970
1975
1920
1980
1990
1985
1995
2000
2005
WO I
1914 - 1918
1939 - 1945
WO II
Cold War
1945 - 1991
Vietnam War
1955 - 1975
Commercialization
1980 - 1990
Propeganda Film
Sovjet - Nazi - Allies
Newsreel Tradition
- Actualities
- Travelogue films
WONDER & FASCINATION
INFORMATION
SUBJECTIVE & INFLUENCIAL
Cinéma vérité
REALITY, TRUTH
1948
Candid
Camera
1957
BBC
Tonight
1969
Moonlanding
doc series
LIVE event
1973
An American
Family
1954
Tonight
Show
talkshow
entertainment
docu-soap
1956
As the
World
Turns
soap opera
VHS & VCR
INTERNET (commercial)
1984
Oprah
talkshow
2010
1988
Cops
infotainment
1992
The
Real
World
docu-soap
1995
Animal
Hospital
infotainment
1996
Changing
Rooms
lifestyle
1999
Big
Brother
reality
gameshow
2001
Survivor
reality
gameshow
Pop Idol
reality
gameshow
1960
Primary
direct cinema
ENTERTAINMENT
1967
Don't
Look
Back
direct cinema
TELEVISION
COLOR TV
(standard)
1985
Live Aid
LIVE event
Oxforddictionaries definition of reality TV:
noun
[mass noun]
television programmes in which real people are
continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining
rather than informative.
Important influences:
(Social) cultural changes
Economic changes
Technological changes
Generations Reality TV
1st
- News, Emergencies
> police, ambulance,
firefighters
- almost no narration
viewer = voyeuristic
2nd
- Emotional, Entertainment
> love, marriage,
unitement
- lots of narration/ host
viewer = involved
3rd
- Reallife soap opera
> camera's recording
events as they happen
(or are constructed)
- voice-over narration and self-reflection
viewer = voyeuristic and
involved
Docu-soaps

Celebsoaps

Contest / Make-over
Changing traditional concepts
public
vs
private
actors
vs
'real people'
creators
vs
viewers
fiction
vs
non-fiction
mediated reality
vs
'reality'
•First reality game show (prize > money)
•Clear mix of ‘reality’ and entertainment
•Narration from within (a flow, like a series)
•Camera’s everywhere (nothing can be ‘missed’)
•Participating viewers (internet, phone vote)
> Multimedia concept
(Costera Meijer and Reesink 2000: 10)
DIFFERENCES IN EUROPE
Countries with their own version

Countries participating in an international version

Countries voting in a foreign version

No Big Brother
2ND SCREEN
'Real'
People
'Real'
Emotions
Unscripted
Events As They Happen
Showing Everything
Objective
The 'ordinary' life of 'ordinary' people.
The 'ordinary' life of 'famous' people.
Big Brother a New Concept
The Netherlands 1999 > Endemol
''the voluntary locking up of nine people during a
hundred days in a house, watched continuously by 24
television cameras, to which the viewers, at the
intercession of the inmates, once in two weeks vote
against one of the inmates, who has to leave the house,
until the last person to stay in can be called a winner.''
Reality TV
INTERACTIVE
Nummer 28
Differences in the format
-Loft story format
-The house
-An "evil" touch
In the end...
1 format
Little differences
Many similarities
Some data
Jeremy McDonald (BB10 EEUU)
Maeva Vazeille (SS4 France)
3206
72
17
The Spanish case
->70.000€ to Cruz Roja
"A degree of performance will be central to the show".
The mix of personalities
Good for rating
Good for business
Bibliography
Andrejevic, Mark. Reality TV: the work of being watched. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.

Costera Meijer, I. and Reesink, M. (eds). Reality Soap! Big Brother en de opmkomst van het Multimediaconcept. Amaterdam: Boom, 2000.

Hill, Annette. Reality TV: audiences and popular factual television. London: Routledge, 2005.

Holmes, Su and Deborah Jermyn (eds). Understanding reality television. London: Routledge, 2004.

Huff, Richard M. Reality Television. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006.
JADE GOODY
1951
I love
Lucy
live audience
CONCLUSION
Which is the limit?
Charlie Parsons > Survivor
Full transcript