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Components of Skill-Related Fitness

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nic keysell

on 9 November 2014

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Transcript of Components of Skill-Related Fitness

Components of Skill-Related Fitness
1. To recap the 11 components of Fitness and to increase our understanding of how these are broken down into Skill-related and physical fitness components.

2. To recap the name, definitions and specific sporting examples of physical fitness components

3. To investigate in more detail the names, definitions and sporting examples relevant to Skill-related fitness components.
1. To continue to revise and show improvement with memorizing the names, definitions and sporting examples related to both skill-related and physical fitness components.

2. To analyze sporting video's and begin to identify the most important skill-related fitness component related to the athletes success within that phase of the activity.
Components of fitness:
A person is considered physical fit if they can carry out every day tasks and activities i.e.walking the dog, gardening or shopping
However being "fit for sport" requires a much higher level of fitness.
Fitness for sport can be broken down into 11 individual components, grouped under two main headings: Physical fitness and skill related fitness.
Physical Fitness Components:

Skill-Related Fitness Components:
Aerobic Endurance
Muscular Endurance
Muscular Strength
Body Composition
Reaction Time
Aerobic Endurance: The ability of the cardiorespiratory system to work efficiently, supplying nutrients and oxygen to working muscles during sustained physical activity.
Muscular Endurance: The ability of the muscular system to work efficiently, where a muscle can continue contracting over a period of time against a light to moderate fixed resistance load.

Flexibility: Having an adequate range of motion in all joints of the body; the ability to move a joint fluidly through its complete range of movement.
Speed: distance divided by the time taken. speed is measured in metres per second (m/s). The faster an athlete runs over a given distance, the greater their speed.
Muscular Strength: The maximum force that can be generated by a muscle or muscle group.
Body Composition: The relative ratio of fat mass to fat-free mass (vital organs, muscle, bone) in the body.
Half the class have been given Names of the Physical Fitness components, the other half have been given definitions of the physical fitness components, can you match up with the other half of your name/definition?
A good level of both physical fitness and skill related fitness is needed to be successful in most sports
However the type of sport being performed determines how much an athlete relies on different components of skill-related and physical fitness.
For example: A striker in football may need to develop their agility (SRF) to be successful in a match in order to beat defenders, however they may be less focused on developing their flexibility (PF).
Both a coach and a performer having good knowledge of both skill-related and Physical fitness components is imperative in creating specific training programs that meet individual needs.
Skill-Related Fitness Components
Reaction time
Name: Agility
Definition: is the ability of a sports player to move and change direction quickly, precisely and under-control.
How is this component of skill-related fitness used in the sport clip shown below?
Name: Balance
Definition: is the ability to keep the body stable, when still or moving, by keeping the center of gravity over the base of support. There are two types of balance:

1. A static balance is performed when little or no movement takes place- for example during a headstand

2. A dynamic balance is performed when movement takes place during a balance- for example during a cartwheel
How is this component of skill-related fitness used in the sport clip shown?
Name: Coordination
Definition: is the ability to move two or more parts of the body at the same time efficiently and accurately , whilst ensuring a smooth flow of movement.
How is this component of skill-related fitness used in the sport clip shown?
Name: Power
Definition: is the ability to combine strength with speed and is expressed as the time it takes to perform a task. Power is very closely linked to explosive strength.
How is this component of skill-related fitness used in the sports clip below?
Name: Reaction Time

Definition: This is the time it takes to respond to a stimulus, such as a ball coming towards you when fielding in cricket.
How is this component of skill-related fitness used in the sports clip shown below?
Case Studies: You will be shown three sports performers, for each one can you identify the components of either SRF or PF that are most important in order for them to be successful?

Can you explain why you have chosen the components?

Exam Questions:
Christiano Ronaldo
Sport: Football
Position: Striker

Tom Daley

Sport: Diving
Nicola Adams

Sport: Boxing
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