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04.09 The Birth of New Ideas: Module Project
Transcript of 04.09 The Birth of New Ideas: Module Project
Lisbon was the largest center of arts and learning during the Renaissance. Lisbon was a major center of trade and considered to be the real center of the European Renaissance. Lisbon was also very wealthy during the Renaissance.
A significant place within Lisbon is the Belém Tower. The Belém Tower is located in the parish of Santa Maria de Belém in Lisbon, Portugal. The tower is a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site because it was part of a defense system made to protect the harbor during the Portuguese maritime discoveries.
Wittenberg is on the Elbe river and is the location where the Protestant Reformation was formed by Martin Luther. Wittenberg was also an important center of regional political and cultural at the end of the 15th Century.
A significant place within Wittenberg is The Schlosskirche. The Schlosskirche was built in 1496–1506 and is a Lutheran church. During the Seven Years' War, The Schlosskirche was greatly damaged from a fire. Martin Luther posted his 95 theses on the doors of the church in 1517.
Rome was the central city of what was known as the Papal States during the Renaissance. The Papal States were controlled by the Roman Catholic Church and played a huge part of the development of the city-states becoming independently ruled governments. Rome was also a center for scholars and artists.
A significant place in Rome would be St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. St. Peter's Basilica has a large dome and Greek columns and one of its designers was Michelangelo. It is the largest church in the world.
The Italian city-state, Florence, was the center for art, culture, and banking during the Renaissance. Florence became a center for Renaissance literature and art and was an important financial center. During the Renaissance, Florence was quite wealthy and was a self-governed city-state. The economy in Florence was very strong. There were also twelve artist guilds that were ultimately the source of Florence's success, due to their regulation of trade.
A significant place within Florence would be the Piazza della Signoria. The Piazza della Signoria is one of the biggest attractions in Florence. It was created in the 13th century and is Florence's most important square because of how close it is to the Palazzo Vecchio and the Uffizi Palace.