Transcript of 4.04 Civil Rights
Works Cited Brown v. The Board of Education Miranda v. Arizona The 14th Amendment The 15th Amendment Evaluation of Four Civil Rights Expansions 4.04 Civil Rights This court case was brought up to the Supreme Court over the fate of one child to go to a white school during the time the Civil Rights Movement was at an all-time high during the 1960's. This court case ruled in the favor of Linda Brown when the court case came to a finish. The reason for the case was that the parents of Linda Brown on her behalf fought for the right for her and other African American children to be able to attend white schools. The evidence showed that by allowing for white children to attend schools that were proven to be in better condition, and better equipped to meet the educational needs of its children that to allow African American students to in these shacks of schools, literally sometimes, that it was unjust and ruled unconstitutional. This made the desegregation of schools to be achieved. This court case was brought about once it had been learned that in many places and along with many other people guilty of criminal convictions or not were being arrested and not read their rights. These rights included the freedom of speech, and right to counsel. This was the case for many people at the time; they were being questioned without being aware that their rights were being violated. Ernesto Miranda was the first to be brought to the court into the case of self-incrimination because no one reading him his right to an attorney before questioning after his arrest. Even with a hefty amount of evidence showing Miranda’s guiltiness and his recorded confession, the Supreme had to overrule the evidence obtained per the court case because he was let known of the Fifth and Sixth Amendments which are in place to prevent self-incrimination and the right for anyone to an attorney. The fourteenth amendment ensures the rights of those citizens born within the US will not unjustly deny their privileges without due process of the law. Then, it says that the number of representatives given to each state depends on the population of each state with guidelines to enable the fair process of determining the number of representative that will hold a seat in the House of Representatives. It goes on to tell that no elected official of government, military, or any government standing will be given office if it proven they have helped enemies of the state or nation they reside in. It also authorizes the public debt to be real and recognized along Congresses power to enforce the bill. The fifteenth amendment protects the rights of all American citizens the right to vote with no discrimination. This meaning that no matter the race, religion, color, or history of servitude will allow anyone to be ignored the right to vote. This includes on any account the right for them to vote not just on presidential elections, but any within their community that will have a political impact of some sort. Cozzens, Lisa. "Brown v. Board of Education." Watson.org. Ed. Lisa Cozzens. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html>.Full transcript
McBride, Alex. "Miranda v. Arizona." PBS Organization. Educational Broadcasting Organization, n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_miranda.html>.
"14th Amendment." Cornell University Law School. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiv>.
"15th Amendment." Cornell University Law School. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxv>.