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Total Task Chaining
Transcript of Total Task Chaining
What is total task chaining?
A variation of forward chaining. A total task presentation requires the student to perform the entire task until the chain is learned. There is supplemental reinforcement supplied at each step in the task. Total task presentation is the method most frequently used to teach functional skills to learners with disabilities. The disadvantage to a total task presentation is that the supplemental reinforcers at each step will need to be faded as the learner acquires the skill. It is also important to keep in mind that the instructor needs to plan to provide the strongest reinforcement as the reinforcer applied at the end of the task.
Who is this for?
o Severe intellectual disabilities
o Moderate to severe intellectual disabilities
o Mild to moderate intellectual disabilities
o Moderate, severe, and profound intellectual disabilities
Ages ranged from any age depending on the transitional action.
Who can help?
For example, social reinforcement (praise) might be applied after each link in a chain is performed. Perhaps the sequence is learned more rapidly. However, over time, the practitioner must apply less praise, and allow the terminal reinforcer to take over.
Everyone can help with total task chaining, like parents, teachers, therapists, the community, co-workers, or even an employer. The community can show how to do laundry or you can teach a friend how to bowl. Even a parent can teach a child how to do the dishes.
How to do the dishes
This video shows a mother teaching a child how to wash dishes using total task chaining.
If you noticed the mother had to start off by telling the child step by step and as he went through the task he started to attempt to do it on his own. This where the mother saw the error as he was rinsing the dish and not getting all the suds off. She corrects him and notices he is using the sponge to rinse and quickly takes the sponge away. This is total task chaining because she tells him every move to make and leads him through the actions. She also uses praise at the end and during the actions she gave a nod and reinforced the situation with assurance that he did the correct action.