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The History Behind the Creation of Macbeth

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Harleen Grewal

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of The History Behind the Creation of Macbeth

Historia Gentis Scotorum
Quotes that Compare
Who is Raphael Holinshed?
Born 1529 in Cheshire, England
Lived in London, England
Worked as an English translator for Reginald Wolfe
English chronicler famous for his work in Holinshed's Chronicles
Published his chronicler in 1577
Major source used by William Shakespeare in many of his plays
Died around the 1580s
Works Cited
What have you learnt from this presentation?
Holinshed Chronicles
Macbeth is sent by King Duncan to kill Mackdonwald
Banquo is Macbeths 'partner-in-crime'
Witches are seen as beautiful and youthful
Macbeth seen as corageous gentleman
Makbeth, Banquho, Duncane
Macbeth is to find Mackdonwald and kill him on his own
Banquo is protrayed as a noble man
Witches are seen as ugly, dark, bizzare creatures
Do evil curses and mess around with Macbeth
Macbeth turns mad after killing Duncan
Extremely anxious and scared before killng Duncan & then becomes over confident
Macbeth, Banquo, Duncan
Characters are the same
Macbeth, Duncan, Banquo, Mackdonwald, Witches, Lady's
Have the same plot
Macbeth is the King of Scotland
A. Dictatorship
B. Democratic
C. Anarchy
D. Monarchy
The History Behind the Creation of Macbeth
King James
Three weird sisters
Dramatic purpose
Political purpose
Thematic purpose
Title: "Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland"
First print: 1577 Revised print: 1587
Written with work of collab.
contributors include "Moderate Protestants, Militant Protestants, Crypto-Catholics and Catholics"
Different perspectives on religion and politics (wide variety)
The Three Witches:
“What are these,/ So withered, and so wild in their attire,/ That look not like th’inhabitants o’th’earth,/…her choppy finger laying/ Upon her skinny lips : you should be women,/ And yet your beards forbid me to interpret/ That you are so” (1.3.39-47).

“…our fears in Banquo/Stick deep, and in his royalty of nature/Reigns that which would be feared. ‘Tis much he dares,/And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,/He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour/ To act in safety. There is none but he/Whose being I do fear…” (3.1.48-54)

“…He was a gentleman on whom I built/ An absolute trust.” (1.4.13-14)

“ Besides, this Duncan/Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been/So clear in his great office, that his virtues/Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against/The deep damnation of his taking-off...” (1.7.16-20)

Hector Boece (1465 - 1536 : Dundee, Scotland)
Scottish Humanist, Philosopher and Historian
Summary of important battles, heros/villians, crownings
Used several versions of historical stories in his plots
Sir Thomas More's Life of Richard III
Edward Halle's chronicle "The Union of the Two Noble"
Illustre Famelies of Lancastre and York
Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England Scotland, and Ireland (most trusted source)
He changed the simple facts to suit the play
time was condensed, battles are combined, characters and actions are modified or created
"Hector Boece | Scottish Historian." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2015. http://www.britannica.com/biography/Hector-Boece

"Internet Shakespeare Editions." Shakespeare's Sources. 4 Jan. 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

"Introduction." Language Arts and Literary Theory, AD 300 -1475 Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric (2012): 544-50. Web. http://media.scotslanguage.com/library/document/Scots_Timeline_Pre-1700.pdf

Pressley, J.M. "Shakespeare's Source Material." Shakespeare Resource Center -. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

"Shakespeare's Sources - Macbeth - Blogging Shakespeare." Blogging Shakespeare. Liz Dollimore, 17 Aug. 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

"Shakespeare's Sources for Macbeth: King James and Witchcraft, and More." Shakespeare's Sources for Macbeth: King James and Witchcraft, and More. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

"The Holinshed Project."
The Holinshed Project.
N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2015. http://www.cems.ox.ac.uk/holinshed/

"The Source of Macbeth: Holinshed's Chronicles." The Source of Macbeth: Holinshed's Chronicles. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

"William Shakespeare and Holinshed's Chronicles." Long Wharf Theatre. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

In what language was Hollinshed's Chronicles originally written in?
A. Old English
B. French
C. Latin
D. Modern English
What type of government was in power when Macbeth ruled?
Thinking based questions
Who do you think is the villain or villains of the play?
The Witches, Macbeth, or Lady Macbeth?
Thinking based question
Why did the witches torture Macbeth?
In what year was the Holinshed first published?
A. 1985
B. 1577
C. 1616
D. 1587
Raphael Holinshed worked as an English translator for...
A. William Shakespeare
B. The Holinshed Chronicles
C. Reginald Wolfe
D. Edward Halles
How were the witches described in Macbeth?

a. Withered and wild
b. Had choppy fingers
c. Had skinny lips
d. All of the above
Which character in
and the Hollinshed Chronicles was significantly similar?

a. The Witches
b. Banquo
c. King Duncan
Which of the following are
A. Shakespeare used historical stories in his plays
B. Shakespeare modified his plays in order to condense time
C. Raphael Holinshed died around the 1580s
D. Shakespeare was the most trusted source used by Holinshed
In what book did King Duncan send Macbeth to kill Mackdonwald?
a. Holinshed Chronicles
b. Macbeth
From where does the Holinshed Chronicles share it's historical and important events?
a. Ireland
b. Scotland
c. England
d. All of the above
Full transcript