Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Women in Politics - Senior Capstone Presentation

No description
by

Abby Lance

on 3 June 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Women in Politics - Senior Capstone Presentation

Why are there such disproportionate rates of women in American political office?
Women in Politics
The United States has never had a female President.
The United States
The United States Senate
has twenty women, more than ever before.
There are 17 countries that currently have a female leader:
Germany
Liberia
Argentina
Bangladesh
Iceland
Lithuania
Costa Rica
Trinidad and Tobago
Australia
Brazil
Kosovo
Thailand
Denmark
Jamaica
Malawi
South Korea
Solvenia
Over 50 countries have had a female leader at some point:
In 2008, Hillary Clinton came closer to the White House than any woman previously had.
There have only been 2 female Vice Presidential candidates: Democrat Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 and Republican Sarah Palin in 2008.
The Cabinet is currently 20% female: three out of fifteen Secretaries.
The House of Representatives has 81 women in 435 seats.
There is only one women's bathroom near the Senate floor.
New Hampshire is the first state to have an all female congressional delegation.
Back at home:
Massachusetts has had one female governor: Jane Smith was acting governor from 2001-2003.
Of the 50 largest cities
in the U.S. only 7 have female mayors:
Houston, TX
Fort Worth, TX
Baltimore, MD
Las Vegas, NV
Fresno, CA
Raleigh, NC
Oakland, CA
The Massachusetts Senate is currently 30% female - 12 women out of 40 total seats.
The House of Representatives has 36 women in 160 seats - 22.5%.
Boston has never had a female mayor.
Boston currently has one woman on it's 13 member City Council, Ayanna Pressley.
The City Council has had 2 female presidents, Maureen Feeney (2007-2998) and Louise Day Hicks (1976).
ranks 92 out of 190 countries
in the world for the percentage of women in lower legislative bodies.
Throughout history there have been 35 female governors.
On average,
state legislatures
are 24.2% female.
Administer a survey similar to the Citizen Political Ambition Survey to a sample of Northeastern students, as well as follow up interviews with a smaller sample of respondents.
Do college-aged women already have lower political ambition than men, or does the political ambition of women decrease as they grow older?
My research:
Research question:
Hypothesis:
There will already be an ambition gap between college-aged men and women, however it will not be as large as it was between mid-career professionals. I expect the gap to grow as women move into the workforce and start families.
Method:
The Citizen Political Ambition Panel Study
Attitudes towards running for office
Background and family life
Questions measure respondents' attitudes about politics including political ideology, feelings about women in politics, attitudes towards politicians, and political engagement.
Political attitudes & participation:
Questions measured respondents' political ambitions including steps taken towards running for office, comfort with different aspects of running, perceived qualifications, and expected success.
Questions ask respondents about their family life, years of education, age, salary range, household division of labor, priorities, and childhood households.
Women who run for office win at equal rates to men. However, the women who run are more qualified than the men who run, so the situation is still not equal.
Voter bias:
Political Ambition:
Why are there so few women in political office? Is there a bias against women?
Media bias:
Pipeline professions & Incumbency advantage:
There are less women in the "pipeline" professions that often lead into politics. (Law, business, education & politics)
Incumbents seek reelection in over 75% of Congressional and state legislative elections and their reelection rates are around 90%.
Voters are overwhelmingly
more willing to vote for a female presidential nominee and less likely to feel that men are "better suited emotionally for politics" than ever before - but in 2004 10% and 25% (respectively) of the population still disagreed. Also, women must raise more money to do as well
as men at the polls.
Female candidates often receive less issues coverage than male candidates and more on appearance, personality and family.
There have been numerous studies about the sexism that Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin faced in the media coverage of the 2008 elections.
There is a significant gender gap in political ambition, women both consider running for office and actually decide to enter a race at much lower rates than men - for a range of factors.
7 factors that contribute to the gender gap in political ambition:
Perception of electoral environment
Media treatment in recent female candidacies
Perception of qualifications
Less competitive, less confident and more risk averse
Campaign demands
Less likely to receive the suggestion to run
Family concerns
Haiti
Israel
Pakistan
Rwanda
Latvia
Canada
India
Croatia
Kyrgyzstan
Nicaragua
United Kingdom
Full transcript