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Copy of The Explorers

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Laura Lynch

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Explorers

Chapter 20 THE EXPLORERS what is an explorer? Explorers we learned about today: a person who travels in search of geographical or scientific information Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) was a Portuguese explorer who discovered an ocean route from Portugal to the East.

Da Gama's patron was King Manuel I of Portugal.

Da Gama died in India in 1524. Vasco Da Gama Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, hoping to find a route to India (in order to trade for spices). Christopher Columbus Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) was a French explorer who led three expeditions to Canada, in 1534, 1535, and 1541.
He was looking for a route to the Pacific through North America (a Northwest Passage) but did not find one.
Cartier paved the way for French exploration of North America. Jacques Cartier Sir Francis Drake
Bartolomeu Dias
Vasco Da Gama
Pedro Alvares Cabral
Christopher Columbus
Jacques Cartier
John Cabot
Ferdinand Magellan Map of European Exploration 1487-1580
Maps like these show exploration routes - paths that explorers took to discover new lands.
"geographical discoveries" have to do with studying the land, features, and the inhabitants of a certain place He was a British Explorer, slave trader, privateer (pirate in service of the government) and an admiral.
He was commissioned by queen Elizabeth I to lead the second voyage around the world.
His journey was successful and along the way he took many goods, food, and treasures from natives in the lands he found.
Drake led several other voyages involving slave trade and war until his death in 1596. Sir Francis Drake (El Draque) Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal,
around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, to
India (and back) in 1497-1499. At that time, many people thought that this was
impossible to do because it was assumed that the Indian Ocean was not connected to any other seas. Bartolomeu Dias Bartolomeu Dias (1457-1500) was a great Portuguese navigator and explorer who explored Africa's coast.

In 1488, Dias led the first European expedition to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, leaving Tagus, Portugal in 1487. This breakthrough of circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope opened up lucrative trading routes from Europe to Asia. On a later expedition, Dias sailed near South America on the way to Africa, and spotted land at Espírito Santo in Brazil. Although they thought it to be an island, Dias was still among the first Europeans to see Brazil. Dias died during this expedition; he was lost at sea near the Cape of Good Hope in 1500. Pedro Álvares Cabral (1467-1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, explorer, and navigator who was the first European to see Brazil (on April 22, 1500).

His patron was King Manuel I of Portugal, who sent him on an expedition to India.

Cabral's 13 ships left on March 9, 1500, following the route of Vasco da Gama. He claimed the land he saw (Brazil) for Portugal. Pedro Alvares Cabral a patron is someone who provides
the funds for a trip Cabral stayed in Brazil for 10 days and then continued on his way to India, in a trip fraught with shipwrecks (at the Cape of Good Hope), and fighting (with Muslim traders in India).
After trading for spices in India, Cabral returned to Portugal on June 23, 1501, with
only four of the original 13 ships. He made a total of four trips to the Caribbean and South America during the years 1492-1504, sailing for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain. On his first trip, Columbus led an expedition with three ships, the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. Cartier sailed inland, going 1,000 miles up the St. Lawrence River. He also tried to start a settlement in Quebec (in 1541), but it was abandoned after a terribly cold winter.
Cartier named Canada; "Kanata" means village or settlement in the Huron-Iroquois language. Cartier was given directions by Huron-Iroquois Indians for the route to "kanata," a village near what is now Quebec, but Cartier later named the entire region Canada. John Cabot John Cabot (about 1450-1499) was an Italian-born English explorer and navigator.

At the request of King Henry VII of England, Cabot sailed to Canada in 1497, commanding the small ship called "Matthew." Cabot landed near Labrador, Newfoundland, or Cape Breton Island.

Cabot explored the Canadian coastline and named many of its islands and capes. The mission's purpose was to search for a Northwest passage across North America to Asia (a seaway to Asia). Cabot was unsuccessful, although he thought that he had reached northeastern Asia.
Cabot undertook a second, larger expedition in 1498. On this trip, Cabot may have reached America, but that is uncertain. Cabot's expeditions were the first of Britain's claims to Canada.

John Cabot died in England in 1499. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) was a Portuguese
explorer who led the first expedition that sailed
around the Earth (1519-1522).

Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean (the name
means that it is a calm, peaceful ocean).

Magellan and his friend, astronomer Ruy de Falero, decided that they could take a westward voyage around the tip of South America to get to the spice islands and avoid the Portuguese (with whom they were competing fiercely). Ferdinand Magellan The voyage began September 8, 1519, and lasted until September 6, 1522 (almost 3 years). Magellan sailed from Seville, Spain, with five ships, the Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria, and Santiago. Three years later, only one ship (the Victoria) made it back to Seville, carrying only 18 of the original 270 crew members. Magellan was killed towards the end of the voyage, on the Island of Mactan in the Philippines, during a battle with the natives. The Basque navigator Juan Sebastián de Elcano (del Cano) completed the trip. *lesson material from: www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers Creating an Explorer Map You will be given a blank map of the world.
Your job as a cartographer is to create a map that shows the exploration routes of the Explorers we are studying. Cartographer - a person who creates and makes maps
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