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Malaysia

A Sustainable Food Plan
by

Jaclyn Collinge

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Malaysia

Currently...
Crops Grown For Consumption
Sustainability
Agricultural Trade
GMO's
Potential Crops
Hemp
Demographics
palm oil

tamarind

limes

soybeans

taro

rice
Malaysia
urban gardening

zero Waste mentality

composting

small scale farming

perma-culture

community co-operatives
Current Status
The Down Low
A Sustainable Food Plan
Geography
Where in the
world is Malaysia?

GMO's
Future Role
Sustainability
Irrigation & Moisture Retention
Pest Control
Sustainability
Soil Nutrition
Education
Climate
Nutrition & Education
Agricultural Trade
Future Suggestions
Women's Roles
Co-operatives
Flower Power
-fair trade

-develop a network within communities, as well as between communities and regions

-vegetables, grains, meats, fruits

-crafts, trades & services, knowledge

-agri-tourism development
Population > 29,179,952 (July 2012)

Median Age > 27

Urban Population > 72% of total population (2010)

Ethnic groups > Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004)

Religions > Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%,

Languages > Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
H2O Access > 99% to improved source

Undernourished > 11%

Poverty related malnutrition and deficiency diseases

Increased chronic degenerative disease rates

Literacy > (age 15 and over can read and write) total population: 88.7%

Graduation > 80% who enter lower secondary education complete it
covers a land area of 217 square km

geographically divided nation

west & east have similar landscapes

high mountains & fast rivers flowing down to coastal plains

60% of the country is still covered with natural rainforest

agricultural land > 7,870 hectares

arable land > 5%
conversion to rubber and palm oil plantations has doubled peak rain fall run off & cut dry season flows in half
equatorial tropical climate

hot, wet & humid

dramatic weather systems; monsoons, cyclones, & typhoons

high and frequent rainfall

march > may /september > november

climate varies between the coast, highlands, and lowlands
bananas

cocoa

coconuts

pepper

chicken

cattle
Quinoa
Kale
Aqua-farming
Seaweed
Increasing self-sufficiency through diversification.
-enhance the country's food output

-1st GMO crop set to make way within the next 6 years

-GM rice designed to tolerate drought, flood

-resistant to pests & diseases

-transgenic papayas with delayed ripening to prolong shelf life
Papayas
Bananas
trans-farm educational programs
pollution control
waste management
subsidy programs
low input plantation
fodder crops
strip inter cropping
nitrogen fixing crops
Localize, not globalize. I have found, through years of practice, that people garden in order to make something grow; to interact with nature; to share, to find sanctuary, to heal, to honor the earth, to leave a mark. Through gardening, we feel whole as we make our personal work of art upon our land." -Julie Moir Messervy
Micro-greens
Fuel Source
Bamboo
all natural or nothing!
utilizing methods such as: prevention, beneficial insects, intercropping breeds that are natural deterrents or boosters, & floating row covers
Terracing
Coconut oil Hemp oil
Greenscaping Vertically
Urban Gardening Bamboo Style
Recycled Urban Gardening
Looks Awesome!
At independence: contributed 39.3%to GDP,
generated 58.3% of total employment &
50% of export earnings

Contribution has since been declining, but continues to be strong

Major export trade with EU, Taiwan & South Korea

Mainly palm oil & rubber
-coconut products -flowers

-hemp products -fruit

-quinoa -bamboo

-focus on food sovereignty and gradual reversal of palm/ rubber plantations
Education
Thank you for listening!

Questions.....?
-women's empowerment classes

-waste management and sustainability

-natural remedies

-open a communication forum for women
-floriculture for empowerment

-commercial floriculture has higher potential per unit area than most of the field crops & is therefore a lucrative business

-mainly consist of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foliage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings & dried flowers or leaves

-international cut flower demand for rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gargera, gladiolus, gypsophila, liastris, nerine, orchids, archilea, anthuriu, tulip, & lilies
Urban Gardening
Full transcript