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Hideki Tojo - Japanese Genocide
Transcript of Hideki Tojo - Japanese Genocide
Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 7. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Article 9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Hideki Tojo (1884-1948), a Japanese general and premier during World War II, was hanged as a war criminal. He symbolized, in his rise to leadership of the Japanese government, the emergence of Japanese militarism and its parochial view of the world. Hideki Tojo was born in Tokyo as the eldest son in a family of samurai descent. Tojo entered military school in 1899, following in the footsteps of his father, a professional military man who served as a lieutenant colonel in the Sino-Japanese War and as a major general in the Russo-Japanese War. Hideki Tojo The Pro-Nazi Personality of Hideki Tojo In the summer of 1940, Tojo became Minister of War in the government and he saw that Japan's future lay with the European dictators who were much admired in Japan, especially Hitler. While the European dictators were admired and respected in Japan, the opposite was true for America. The people of America were thought of as decadent, lazy and without morals compared to the disciplined workforce of Japan that worshipped their emperor, Hirohito.
Tojo held extreme right-wing views and was a supporter of Nazi Germany. He also feared the long-term plans of Joseph Stalin and in 1938 he advocated pre-emptive air strikes on both China and the Soviet Union. General Tojo's Wrath Brusque, scrupulous, and hardworking, Tojo came to be known as KAMISORI (the razor) for the sharp, decisive, impatient qualities that he manifested as he rose rapidly through the military hierarchy. He was assigned first to the War Ministry and subsequently to the general staff and various command posts. It was his actions and not his speeches that brought him respect from even his opponents. Tojo demanded and received the respect that he had earned. He was an incorruptible figure who expected absolute discipline from his soldiers.
The influence of Adolf Hitler motivated Tojo to carry out the idea of colonization, which was to annihilate massive amounts of people that were of Japan's enemy nations in order to obtain their raw materials and land. Hideki Tojo's plans were to lead agressive attacks against China, The United States, the allies of these two countries, and possibly neighboring countries. He was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor which resulted in the death of 3,000+ US Navy and Marine soldiers.
Within hours after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Tojo broadcast a brief message to his countrymen, warning them that "to annihilate this enemy and to establish a stable new order in East Asia, the nation must necessarily anticipate a long war." Tojo had great power at the beginning of the war and in America was often likened to Hitler and Mussolini. In America, Hideki Tojo was called a vampire, and in WWII propaganda, was commonly seen with fangs and exaggerated teeth. Japan's attacks on neighboring countries Meanwhile, Japan began advancing rapidly throughout the Eastern countries. They gained materials, wiped out many individuals in their tageted areas, had many prisoners of war, and made opposed Generals surrender. Tojo was proud of Japan's accomplishments in the Wars against China, Korea, Manchuria, The Dutch East Indies, The Philippines, Burma, Siam, Malaya, and many smaller countries that surrounded these.
Approximately 24,000,000 individuals died in the East because of WWII that started because of General Hideki Tojo's plans for the advancement of Japan. 5,000,000 of the 24,000,000 deaths were Japanese soldiers that became somewhat suicidal for their country. The large numbers of the dead is the reason why some have called the War between these Asian countries, "The Asian Holocaust". The Ending of General Tojo's Reign War General Hideki Tojo refused to surrender to the US, and continued to carry out his attacks against Japan's neigboring countries, because of belief that surrendering was cowardly. Tojo's refusal to rid China, Korea, and the other countries of Japanese troops, was the reason behind the bombing of Hiroshima. Which resulted in the deaths of many Japanese civilians.
After the bombing, General Hideki Tojo finally surrendered himself to the US, but took a tip from Hitler and attempted suicide before being arrested. General Hideki Tojo failed at the attempt and was arrested and after recovery, was put on trial. Emperor Hirohito turned his back on the War General and Hideki Tojo was tried for many war crimes, and with respect for the Emperor accepted all responsibility. General Hideki Tojo was sentenced to hang until dead. After WWII Japan has put forth effort to repair the damage caused by Hideki Tojo's actions and make peace with the US, China, Korea, and many other neighboring countries. References and Sources for this presentation United Nations. <http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml#a9>, Universal Declaration of Human Rights. N.d.
"Hideki Tojo." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2012 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. <http://www.gensuikin.org/english/photo.html>.
"Life of Adolf Hitler." <http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/adolf-hitler-8.php>.
"WWII Tojo". Spartacus Educational. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWtojo.htm>.
"The Diary of a World War II Survivor (Chinese Civilian)". <http://historyhomeworkwwiisurvivor.blogspot.com/>., N.d. The End