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The Italian Renaissance

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Meghan Hudson

on 29 August 2018

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Transcript of The Italian Renaissance

Social Changes
Humanism emphasized importance of education
Goal - to create responsible and involved citizens
Virtue, wisdom
Combined classics and Christianity
Ruling classes
Peasantry was largely illiterate
Slaves were used as domestic servants and skilled workers
Declined by the end of the 15th c.
Family played an important role
Marriages were typically arranged and women were expected to be child bearers
Medieval vs. Renaissance
Medieval Art
Flat, unrealistic poses, no expression
Religious themes
No normal, everyday scenes
No naked bodies
Halos and gold backgrounds
Economic Changes
Wealthy families commissioned artists to to decorate churches and create paintings
"Patrons of the arts"
Medici Family
Large banking family, later had political power
Commissioned artworks
Commercial revival
Grain, cloth, wool, weapons
Created different social class structure
Nobles and peasants existed (and were the majority), but a class of artisans, merchants, and traders emerged
Renaissance Papacy
Patrons of Renaissance culture
Julius II
Commissioned construction of St. Peter's Basilica
"Warrior Pope"
Increasingly corrupt
Nepotism-giving family members church positions
Leo X was a Medici and made his relatives cardinals
Simony-selling of Church offices
Abandonment of celibacy
Selling of indulgences
The Italian Renaissance
Renaissance Art
Gave work dimension
Usage of shading
Human poses
Pagan subjects
Roman and Greek influences
Major Works
Querelles des Femmes
Christine de Pisan
Chronicled accomplishments of great women of history
Some access to education
"Ornaments" to middle and upper class men
Isabella d’Este (1474-1539): “First Lady” of the
Set an example for women to break away from their traditional roles
Ruled Mantua after her husband died
Full transcript