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Transcript of George Washington
Washington found the need for
a group of Presidential advisors
, all with a certain level of "fitness of character" for the position.
The Precedent President
The stirrings of movement to a two-party system...
US Foreign Affairs
& the French Revolution
The First President
The Most Important First 100 Days
The Constitution never detailed the necessary jobs of a President -- Washington said he was walking on "untrodden ground".
GW felt the need to be a role model for future presidents, establishing:
1. Finishing the Oath of Office with "so help me God."
2. Calling the President "Mr. President".
3. Creating a Presidential Cabinet.
Washington's "Dream Team"
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of the State
Secretary of War
Washington, the Reluctant President
On the ride from Mount Vernon to New York...
Washington considered the "ocean of difficulties" facing the new nation, saw the presidency as "giving up all expectations of private happiness in the world".
Discussed with future Secretary of War, Henry Knox, that “movements to the chair of government will be accompanied with feelings not unlike those of a culprit who is going to the place of his execution.”
Pay attention to:
How does Washington act while taking his Oath of Office?
How do the emotions of the common people differ from those experienced by the President?
National Bank Issue:
Jefferson Vs. Hamilton
From which country did Jefferson recently return?
How did this trip help to influence his ideas regarding the role of government?
Hamilton views "the future prosperity of this nations" lies in trade -- how does Hamilton believe we can establish international trade lines?
What are some of Jefferson's fears regarding this new "National Bank"? If his fears were to be fully realized, where would the power of government be concentrated?
Revolution broke out in France, calling for a political shift from its centuries-old absolute monarchy to a republic inspired by the Enlightenment.
Enlightenment principles favored:
Dividing the Political Elite:
Thomas Jefferson: leader of the
celebrated French Rev.
The End of
America and British Relations
Alexander Hamilton: leader of the Federalists, viewed French Revolution with skepticism and wanted to preserve commercial ties w/ Britain.
Unresolved Issues from the Treaty of Paris
After the Treaty of Paris, 1783, Britain still
retained some control of the Great Lakes
, causing conflict with the
expansion of the American Northwest (NW Ordinance)
New Treaty, Prolonged Peace
, chief negotiator of the Federalists, calls for:
-- removal of
British soldiers/forts out of the Great Lakes
-- opened up
freer British-American trade
that would benefit Britain greatly
Using the analysis chart provided, answer the following question in a two-paragraph response, taking into account pros and cons of both sides.
(DUE AT THE BEGINNING OF CLASS TOMORROW)
Continuance of Partisan Opposition
Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans criticize the use of the Jay Treaty and establishment of National Bank. Both, making Washington into a quasi-King.
The Farewell Address
Feeling the effects of old age, declining health, and political opposition, Washington calls to end his Presidency.
1) Work earnestly to
"preserve the union"
citing sectionalism as the destroyer of common interest and national character.
The Pillars of Hamilton's
all state debts left unpaid after the Revolution.
new domestic/existing foreign debt through private investors/excise taxes (such as on WHISKEY!)
Created to serve as...
A depository for nationally-collected taxes.
A mint for new national currency.
Create national financial stability... to influence wealthy investors at home (private citizens and businesses) and abroad (other countries).
Encourage the growth of American manufacturing in the north
by placing tariffs (taxes) on all imported goods from foreign countries.
This would persuade Americans to buy goods from within the country from American businesses, allowing us to be a major player in international trade.
ULTIMATELY PASSES IN CONGRESS
ULTIMATELY PASSES IN CONGRESS
ULTIMATELY FAILS IN CONGRESS.
"King" of manufacturing!
Meanwhile, back in America...
Let's turn THIS:
2) Be wary of the
"baneful effects of the Spirit of Party" --
meaning those who factionalize to seek their own good, to the detriment of the common good and the rights of others.
a recommendation to stay neutral
and "avoid permanent, entangling alliances" with foreign countries.
a call for morality
, as a "necessary part of popular government" as all "good governments are based on religion and morals".
monarchy, aristocracy, and religious authority
equality, citizenship and inalienable rights.
The Whiskey Rebellion
While Congress supported the idea of a
, many poor farmers in western P.A. believed that it was
an unjust tax that hurt only their businesses.
Using Revolutionary-era protest methods, U.S.
were now targeted for attacks. One tax collector had his
while others were
stripped, tarred and feathered
G.W. originally ordered the riots to stop. When they didn't, he mustered up a
militia force of 12,950 men
and marched them himself to Pittsburgh as
show of force.
Without a shot fired, the Whiskey Rebellion was over as the rebels broke away and retreated upon Washington's advance.