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Rise of the Franks

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by

Ghaidaa Naguib

on 16 March 2014

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Transcript of Rise of the Franks

Merovingian Dynasty
CLOVIS
481
486
He was a strong military leader
Absorbed other Frankish tribes. He became very powerful which enabled him to wage wars on other powers in Europe.

Took control of Northern Gaul
Influenced by his wife and threatened by a defeat, Clovis adopted Christianity and was baptized
496
511
THE FRANKS
Middle Ages - An Age of Transition
The founder of the Frankish kingdom
Clovis' sons divided the kingdom ...
Pepin II
The Rise of Pepin II
687
714
the Merovingian kings who ruled after Clovis were generally weak.
Pepin II was the mayor of the palace.

Pepin II gained more power by reuniting the Frankish tribes.

The Merovingian kings became mere figureheads.
Charles Martel, son of Pepin II ... defeated the Spanish Moors when they invaded France.

Stopped Muslim Expansion to Western Europe
732
Charles Martel - Charles the Hammer
741
Pepin III - Pepin the Short
751
Pepin III _ Charles Martel's son.
He overthrew the last Merovingian ruler and claimed the Frankish throne.
End of Charlemagne's reign
814
After the battle of Poitier 732A.D, the Franks were perceived the saviors of Christianity in the eyes of Europeans and the Pope.
The Carolingian Dynasty
a new line of Frankish rulers
Charlemagne - Charles the Great
768
800
The Crowning of Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emporer
750
By 750 AD, the
Lombards
threatened the Church in Northern Italy.

The Pope sought the help of European Kings.

Pepin III defeated the
Lombards
and drove them out of the Italian peninsula and donated the lands he conquered to the Church
"the donation of Pepin".

These lands later were referred to as
the Papal States
Clovis
The Pope
Kings of Europe
LEGITIMACY THROUGH BLESSINGS
PROTECTION, GIFTS & LAND GRANTS
TRENDS IN HISTORY
Clovis converted to Christianity
Clovis expanded his kingdom
The Rise of Clovis
Death of Clovis
Pepin II, mayor of the palace, reunited the Franks once more
Pepin II died
Charles Martel (leader of the Frankish army) defeated Abdelrahman Al-Ghafeky (leader of the Moorish Army) in the battle of Poitier
Death of Charles Martel
What would happen if ...
The Moors defeated Martel in 732????
The Church was under attack
Coronation of Pepin III by Pope Stephen II
The Rise of Charlemagne
Full transcript