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THE ROARING 20'S AND THE GREAT DEPRESSION
Transcript of THE ROARING 20'S AND THE GREAT DEPRESSION
The New Deal (1933-1940)
Unemployment 25% and Higher
“Economic depression cannot be cured by legislative action or executive pronouncement.”
—Herbert Hoover, Message to Congress. Dec, '30.
Causes for Great Depression
Life During the Great Depression
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Poverty and Starvation: “on the dole”
Herbert Hoover's (1929-1933) Attempts
Writing to the president and first lady: “Down and Out in the Great Depression” (doc)
Monday, November 10, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
BLACK TUESDAY- October 29, 1929
Stock Market Crash- Signals economy in tailspin
Recovery of the Economy
THE NEW DEAL, Cont.
National Industrial Recovery Act
, included the Public Works Administration (PWA) and the National Recovery Administration (NRA)
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
Instability of World Economy
Smoot- Hawley Tariff Act, 1930
The 3 R's- Relief, Recovery, Reform
The First New Deal, 1933-1935
The Second New Deal (1935-1940)
THE NEW DEAL, Cont.
Relief and Recovery
The Roaring 20's
Influenza pandemic 1918-1920 40 million dead (700,000 U.S.)
Economic instability (inflation, strikes, unemployment)
(First) Red Scare and Palmer Raids (1919-20)
Recovery and the "Roaring" economy
purchasing power and buying on credit (“time”)
Politics in the 1920s: pro-business
Warren Harding (1921-23): Teapot Dome
Calvin Coolidge (1923-29) & Herbert Hoover (1929-32
* expansion of the mass media
* Motion pictures (1927 first “talkie” The Jazz Singer)
* Radio (GugliemoMarconi, 1920; NBC 1926)
*The automobile revolution
*Consumer culture and advertising
*The “Lost Generation”: Hemingway, Fitzgerald
*The “New Woman”
*Results of Prohibition: organized crime, speakeasies, “bathtub gin” & bootleggers
Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti
Restricting immigration: National Origins Act (1924) and quotas
Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan (Birth of a Nation)
The Scopes “Monkey” trial, Dayton, TN, 1925
•Clarence Darrow vs. William Jennings Bryan
Post- WWI Meltdown
Large scale domestic consumption of products
Fewer marriages, more divorces/ dissertions
Birth control information legalized, 1936
Prohibition repealed, 1931 (21st amendment)
Migrant workers, Hobos, Deportations
African Americans- last hired, first fired
Emergency Relief and Construction Act, 1932
Hoovervilles, Hoover Flags, Hoover Blankets
Bonus Army, 1932
Long Depression and Agriculture
Overproduction and Decline of Purchasing Power
Banking and Business Weakness
Relief of Suffering
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Reform the Financial System:
*Emergency Banking Act, 1933
*Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Opposition to the New Deal
Supreme Court Weighs in: Many acts unconstitutional
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
National Youth Administration (NYA)
Social Security Act
National Labor Relations Act and Board
Did the New Deal save the U.S. economy?
The Great Depression and The New Deal
Explain the underlying causes of the depression, and evaluate President Hoover's attempts to help the economy.
Describe the experiences of both urban and rural Americans during the depression, and explain ways in which the depression affected American politics.
Evaluate FDR's actions designed to alleviate the effects of the depression, and discuss the opposition he faced.
Discuss the most significant long-term effects of the New Deal.