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Inception TOK Presentation

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Youssef Dehbi

on 14 June 2018

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Transcript of Inception TOK Presentation

What is control?
Knowledge Question
Hobson and McCarley theory
Their theory is that an individual has control over their imagination/dreaming. According to them this is because dreams are all based on uninterpreted stimuli from one's day and that wherever one goes, that is where the stimuli is present.

Their other theory regarding dreaming is Activation Synthesis, this means that the dream is caused by psychological processes and that circuits in the brain stem are activated during REM sleep. The brain synthesizes these ongoing activities and tries making sense of it.
What is Inception? What is the movie about?
Real Life Situation
In the movie, Dom Cobb claims that our mind uses imagination in order to dream and that it creates and perceives a world simultaneously, So well that we don't feel the brain the creating.
Human Control On Experiences
Control is when an individual is in a primary position to allow or inhibit any stimuli affecting their experiences.

In order to be in control, stimuli should not overtake one's inhibitory position in which an individual no longer has "control".
What are the ways of knowing?
To what extent are people in control of their experiences?
A.O.K - The Arts

W.O.K - Imagination
Knowledge Issue and Claims
The mind is the main creator of dreams and therefore uses imagination and imagination is ability to form images, ideas, and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses.

Imaginations are very subjective and differ from person to person and there is a direct link between human sciences, the arts and imagination and both studies and research are conducted to prove these claims.
Lucid Dreaming
Is a dream during which the dreamer is aware that they are dreaming. During lucid dreaming, the dreamer may be able to exert some degree of control over the dream characters, narrative, and environment.

This proves that Hobson and McCarley's theory was correct.

Counter Claim
There is one counter point that goes against the previous two theories :

Out Of Body Experience In Dreaming
Real Life Situation
Dom also claims that while we dream we only remember the middle and end of the dream, but never the beginning.
Primacy and Recency Effects
We know of two different effects:

Primacy effect: Is a psychological phenomenon that associates with items from the beginning of a list (associated with long term memory store)

Recency effect: Is a psychological phenomenon that associates with items from the end of a list (associated with short term memory store)
A.O.K - Human Sciences
W.O.K - Memory
Case Study
This supports the Multi-Store Memory Theory Model
Multi-Store Memory Theory Model constitutes of 3 stores of memory:

1. Sensory: This is what one sees straight away, brain receives it but nothing happens yet
2. Short term: Is if one pays attention, using information that they have at a time
3. Long term: When one keeps paying attention, and keeps practicing until it gets stored in the Long term memory til it gets lost

Real Life Situation
Little Hans, Oedipus Complex and psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud
A.O.K - Emotions, Reason, Sense Perception
W.O.K - Ethics, Human sciences
Freud believed that the unconscious contained the unresolved conflicts and argued that many of these conflicts show up in our fantasies and dreams.

Is the belief that a human personality can be divided into two parts: conscious and unconscious. It also tells us the the mind is divided into three parts: ID, EGO, SUPEREGO.

Psychoanalysis is to make one conscious of their unconscious defense mechanisms.
Freud's Dreaming Theory
When you're awake, the compulsion and desires of the ID are suppressed by the SuperEgo. Throughout the dream you can use use this to get to the subconscious part of your brain or ID.

Since your guards are asleep, your subconscious has the chance to express hidden desires of the ID. ID can sometimes be disturbing/harmful, therefore a "censor" prevents that from happening and turns it into more adequate forms of symbolic content. This is done in an effort to prevent you from waking up, so cryptic and confusing images occur.

Freud claims that the reason you struggle to remember a dream is due to the SuperEgo working constantly to prevent those disturbing images and protect your subconscious.
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