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Leadership: One size does not fit all

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Ashley Lax

on 16 March 2014

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Transcript of Leadership: One size does not fit all

Participation is a must!
There are 6 quotes posted around the room. Stand next to the quote that is most similar to your leadership philosophy. What quote most accurately describes you as a leader?
Leadership: One Size does not fit all
Presented by
Ashley Lax, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Elizabeth Bowen, University of North Carolina-Wilmington

History of Leadership Styles
Kurt Lewin (1939) authored 3 leadership styles:
Autocratic (Authoritarian)
Democratic (Participative)
Delegative (Laissez-faire)
Times have changed and leadership has evolved, and along with it the styles. Depending on who you talk to, there can be 4, 6, or even 8 different styles of leadership.
PRIMAL LEADERSHIP: Realizing the power of emotional intelligence
Daniel Goleman (1996) described six leadership styles that can be used interchangeably with the situation.

Not only did Goleman stress the importance of the right style to fit the right situation, he also knew the importance that emotional intelligence plays in executing leadership.
visionary
COACHING
Democratic
"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader."
-John Quincy Adams
Useful for a group that needs new direction
Allows for creativity from group to reach goal
Not suited for peer supervision
Will backfire if leader's vision is disingenuous

"Leadership: The art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it."
-Dwight D. Eisenhower
Command
Affiliative
PACESETTING
"No man is good enough to govern another man without that other’s consent."
-Abraham Lincoln
"Lead me, follow me, or get out of the way."
-General George Patton
"Outstanding leaders go out of their way to boost the self-esteem of their personnel. If people believe in themselves, it’s amazing what they can accomplish."
-Sam Walton
“My job is not to be easy on people. My job is to take these great people we have and to push them and make them even better.”
-Steve Jobs

Useful as a one on one mentoring relationship
Allows for direct, individualized feedback and guidance
Not suited for an inexperienced leader
Will backfire if perceived as micromanaging
Useful to get input and ideas from members of a group
Allows for commitment and investment into the group
Not suited for items that need immediate decisions
Will backfire if group thinks leader is doing all listening and no action
Useful for quick decisions or emergencies
Allows for full compliance with no room for questioning
Not suited for gathering input or allowing creativity
Will backfire if group views leader as cold or distant
Useful for creating harmony among the group
Allows for collaboration and positive work environment
Not suited for a fractured group
Will backfire if only positive feedback is given without constructive criticism
Useful for motivating a team to get short term results
Allows for high expectations
Not suited for group with low motivation
Will backfire if used excessively, or if expectations are too high
Emotional Intelligence Required
Each style discussed was situational, working best given a certain circumstance or environment.
Your job as a young leader is to read the situation and people involved, then use the style that is best suited for the task.
In order to read the situation and people correctly, leaders must possess emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence: defined as "skill in perceiving, understanding and managing emotions and feelings."
- Dictionary.com
Where to get started...
The beauty of campus recreation is we are in the business of student development. With leadership positions, you have the flexibility to see what works for you. Campus recreation encourages growth and learning through experience, so it's up to you to gain the experiences to get better as a leader.
Leading up!
Old way of thinking: Managers run the show
AKA "Top/Down Leadership"
Michael Useem
Leading Up: How To Lead Your Boss So You Both Win
New way of thinking: Leadership is a two way street
Created 9 easy steps to Leading Up
Step 1. Confidence
Give to get, buy into mission
Step 2. Information is key to understanding
Open flow of communication (time and place)
Step 3. Sometimes you must be transcendent
Sometimes you will need to put yourself into position to communicate with people at the top.
Step 4. Ask for directions. Just do it!
Asking for elaboration/clarification of inadequate instructions can be the difference between survival and success.
Step 5. Serve only one master at a time
Treat each direction separately and serve each as if he/she is your only boss. No one is more important.
Step 6. Remember who you work for
The well-being of those we serve is paramount. We may have to have difficult discussions with our high ups (time and place).
Step 7. Change can bring opportunity
Be willing to take on new roles during change.
Step 8. Upward leadership works both ways
Practice these steps with those you lead, allow them to lead up as well.
Step 9. Beware of overconfidence
Victories lead to confidence. Don't let this go to your head.
QUESTIONS?
Ashley Lax - alax@recsports.wisc.edu
Elizabeth Bowen - bowene@uncw.edu
Learning Objectives
After this presentation, students will be able to:

Identify and explain the benefits and drawbacks of at least two of Daniel Goleman's six leadership styles

Comprehend how leadership styles affect the follower and learn to interpret which style works best in various situations

Apply the nine steps of leading up to an already established management style for more effective peer and supervisor leadership
Full transcript