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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
(The garbageman also has little power) Disadvantages/advantages of this form of government: Well, the advantage is that the citizens can have a say about matters by simply voting or writing in. The disadvantage, however, is that not everyone will agree on what decisions are made and if more people voted for the opposite of your opinion, bad luck. Examples of real Democracies: 1. Australia, from 1901 to present day. In the House Of Representatives,There is a Prime Minister, a Speaker, Clerks, independents, the Opposition party, the Government party, and other major parties, the Shadow minister and many more important members of parliament. The Democracy of today in Australia has 150 members of the House of Reps and 76 members of the Senate. All these members of parliament are voted by citizens of the country. 2. The very first Democracy was in Athens, Greece in about 508 BC. But Democracy was obviously very different back then compared to present days! Rather than having a leader of Athens, they had a council of 500 people. Every year, 500 names were drawn out of all the citizens. Women, children and slaves weren't considered as citizens. If a citizen's name was drawn, they would have to serve as a law maker for one year. The law making council voted on most of the laws, but the public was called to vote if the law proposal was for something really important. HAM CHEESE AND LETTUCE SANDWICH OLIGARCHY Definition: The rule of a small group of people. Usually about five people. Who rules: Only the richer and more wealthy people. Bad news for the poor! http://greece.mrdonn.org/athensdemocracy.html http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/House_of_Representatives/House_of_Representatives_Seating_Plan http://www.aph.gov.au/Senators_and_Members/Members http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Members_of_the_Australian_House_of_Representatives_2010%E2%80%932013 http://unioncarpentersfordemocracy.webs.com/ http://www.m-f-d.org/ How decisions are made: The rich group of people all discuss the matter and finally come to an agreement. http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/government/oligarchy.htm http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-an-oligarchy.htm http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20101212133542AAegsEN Who has little power: All the poor and less fortunate people. If you didn't have money, you were insignificant. The advantage of an Oligarchy: Well, if you were rich, you would be able to give your opinion on what important decisions should be made. The disadvantage of an Oligarchy: What about the poor people? Just because they could not afford things, they were treated as lower, unimportant 'peasants'. Examples of Oligarchies in history: https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Oligarchy.html 1. Back in ancient greek times, around 500BC, Sparta used to be an Oligarchy. That clashed terribly with Athens, which was a civilized Democracy. There was a group of 28 rich men over the age of 60, joined by 2 kings. They all formed the council, and it was their job to come up with laws. Then, the law would be announced to the public and all citizens (men over 30 years old) were to clap/shout if they liked the idea, or shout angrily if they didn't like the idea. If most citizens shouted out that they liked the idea, it would become a law. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0009%3Achapter%3D6%3Asection%3D3 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_did_Sparta_become_a_oligarchy_government 2. From about 1850 to 1994, South Africa was an Oligarchy. It was based on racism where basically, the wealthy white people who owned land in Africa had a stronger say over the black people. Women and children were excluded from most activities and important decisions. Most of them had to live as slaves. Even today, some areas in Africa are going through extreme poverty. http://www.sunnyjersey.com/oligarchygovernment.htm Republic: Citizens vote for the leader of the country, called the President. Who rules: Mr or Ms President. http://www.google.com.au/#hl=en&sugexp=les%3B&gs_rn=5&gs_ri=psy-ab&pq=republic&cp=15&gs_id=1o&xhr=t&q=what+is+a+republic&es_nrs=true&pf=p&safe=active&sclient=psy-ab&oq=what+is+a+repub&gs_l=&pbx=1&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&fp=407c59f5d1f6682f&biw=1440&bih=805 How Decisions are made: The elected representatives and the
President all have discussions and debate with the other teams
(which are not elected) and they all vote on their opinion. Who has little/no power: the non-nominated candidates. http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/govtforms.htm Advantages of a Republic: Things don't take too long to discuss, as there aren't all those houses that the proposed law has to pass. Disadvantage: You may not have agreed on who got voted as President. But majority rules in voting. Examples of Republics: 1. Ireland is a republic. Well, only since
1922. Before then, Ireland was part of the UK which is (still to this day) a Monarchy. Now, Ireland is lead by Michael.D.Higgins. 2. In 1776, America became a Republic. That was the year of the American Revolution, when America went from being under British rule to an independent Republic. http://www.republicoftheunitedstates.org/what-is-the-republic/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republicanism_in_the_United_States AUTOCRACY Definition: An Autocracy is where one person rules ABSOLUTELY EVERYTHING. Who rules: The self-appointed person. Kind of an Emperor. How decisions are made: The person who rules everything decides everything without any opinion from others. Who has little/no power: Everyone else apart form that person in charge. Advantages: If you were the person ruling, everything would be your way. Disadvantages: If you aren't the ruler, you have no power to make decisions about anything. Examples: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_an_autocracy 1. The Roman Empire was an Autocracy, ruled by one Emperor. The Emperor had the power to declare war, negotiate with foreign leaders, choose senators, enforce/create new religions...
The Emperor could do practically everything he wished! http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Roman_Empire_(Roman_Superiority) 2. Russia was an Autocracy. Ivan the Third overthrew the Mongolian Yoke in 1840 and nominated himself as the leader of the country. He then called himself and instructed others to call him "Czar", which means 'a person having immense power". http://russian.lingualift.com/blog/russian-autocratic-czar/ I love James Noonan Description: A Monarchy is when a country is ruled by a
royal family member, like a Queen/King, and after they renounce the throne, their children can inherit the position. Who rules: The King or Queen. How decisions are made: In the Past, the King or Queen was in charge of everything. That was called an Absolute Monarchy. But in modern times, the Monarch actually hardly has any power about the governing of the country. Most of the
decisions are made by the representative congregation of the country. (voted by the public) https://sites.google.com/a/warriorlife.net/typesofgovernment/main-governments/monarchy Who has little/no power: Have a guess....I bet you never guessed that the actual MONARCH has hardly any power!!! The only reason they are there is because they are just a figurehead of the country. They rarely make any important decisions at all!!! But they are involved. Advantage: The Monarch doesn't have complete control over the public or the government, so the people have some freedom of rights. Disadvantage: Well, if there's no direct successor, what would happen to the country? Someone ELSE would have to become the head. That may interrupt everything. EXAMPLES OF MONARCHIES: 1. The United Kingdom, present day. The UK is represented by Queen Elizabeth the Second. The next member in line of the Monarchs is Prince Charles, who was married to Princess Diana. Ireland used to be part of the UK Monarchy, but in 1922 Ireland declared it's independence and is now a Republic. Scotland has been debating about becoming independent as well. 2. Ancient Egypt used to be a Monarchy. In around 1450 BC, Egyptians started calling the King the 'Pharaoh' . Except before the Egyptians had the first human Monarch, they always believed that their Monarchs were the Gods. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/pharaohs.htm Definition: When there is one ruler and he/she makes all decisions. Just like an Autocracy, only he/she forces his subjects to abide by his rules. Which could mean death... http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/govtforms.htm Who rules: The Dictator. How decisions are made: The dictator decides everything according to his/her opinion. Who has little/no power: Everyone else apart from the Dictator. Advantage: If you were the Dictator, you would be able to do practically anything you wished.
Disadvantage: Everyone else has to live by the rules of the Dictator. No arguments...or you may not see light again. Examples of Dictatorships: 1. Adolf Hitler (German) was one of history's WORST Dictators. He started the Second World War and the Jewish Holocaust. He was a horrid Dictator and caused over 20 million deaths. He was a Fascist and was in power from 1933 to 1945. In the end, he committed suicide. http://www.filibustercartoons.com/monsters.htm 2. In the 18th Century, Anna of Russia was absolutely horrible!!! She was slightly loony as well. If she did not like you, you were forced to act like animals and she even put people in cages!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! She was a dictator with absolute rule. http://dailycaller.com/2013/02/06/meet-historys-most-eccentrically-evil-dictators/ WHICH FORM OF GOVERNMENT I'D MOST WANT TO BE LIVING UNDER: If I could choose which government I'd most want to live under, I'd choose a Democracy. I'm happy with the system of government that I currently live under here in Australia.
Only now that I've researched about all the other governments, I've realized how lucky I am to not be living in a Dictatorship or an Autocracy!!!!!
In a Democracy, I have more freedom of speech. I can voice my opinion. I can petition if there is something I don't agree with. (when I'm older...) I can vote for members of Parliament, I can vote for local council, I can even run for the positions if I like!!!
I have the right to peaceful protest about matters, eg. The Teacher's Union! As long as my protest remains within the law.
I also like the fact that a number of people discuss law making/issues and have many debates over the subject before it is finally included in our constitution, or rejected.
If the Prime Minister resigns/finishes their term, an election will be held. The position does not automatically go to his/her next of kin!
I like the fact that in a Democracy, anyone over the age of 18 is able to vote, or to become a Member of Parliament. Anyone born in Australia is automatically an Australian Citizen, as long as they have permanent residents.
So that's why I'm proud to be a part of this Australian Democracy and I'm very lucky that there is such thing as a Democracy!!! (THANKS TO THE ANCIENT GREEKS)
By Katherine K 8MD The End!