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Copy of Five Signals of Syntactic Structure

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Erika Camille Barquilla

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Five Signals of Syntactic Structure

Prosody Inflections Derivational Bound Morphemes the rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence postulated rhythmic division of time into equal portions by a language variation of pitch while speaking which is not used to distinguish words There are words that may act as nouns or as verbs influence design copy report supply They differ, however, in their stress patterns. Nouns - given primary and weak stress weak and primary stress - Verb Adjective + Noun = secondary stress on the adjectives and the primary stress on the noun the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, grammatical mood, grammatical voice, aspect, person, number, gender and case Nouns plural marking -s
possessive marking 's
Verbs concord-marking -s

tense marking
past (-d/-ed)
present participle (-ing)
past participle (-ed/-en) Adjectives and Adverbs comparative (-er)
superlative (-est) Nouns added to verbs
added to adjectives
-ster added to other nouns
Verbs -ate
-en Adjectives added to verbs
past participles (-ed/-en)
present participle (-ing)

added to verbs and nouns
-ful Adverbs -ly added to adjectives
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