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The Unification of Italy and Germany

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by

Vignesh Rajmohan

on 1 December 2012

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Transcript of The Unification of Italy and Germany

Italian Unification Completed The Unification of Italy and Germany wrgwrg The Unification of Germany German Confederation formed 1815 The German Confederation was formed by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The confederation was a loose group of independent nations. The greatest opposition to the unification of the Germany was Austria. This caused Austria to be the greatest obstacle in the process of the unification of Germany. Map of the German Confederation Zollverein 1834 In 1834 the German states came together to form the Zollverein. The Zollverein was a customs union that reduced tariff barriers among its members. It consisted of 18 German states. The Zollverein was under Prussian control. Under the Zollverein, the economy improved and industry grew. Map of the Zollverein Zollverein gains states 1844 The Zollverein now includes 34 states. Austria stays out of the union and avoids joining the Zollverein. The Congress of Vienna Map of the 34 Zollverein States Revolutions Failed 1848 Revolutions in Germany fail. This didn't really matter much because the hope of a unified Germany still remained. German Revolution (Unification Attempt) Von Roon 1860 New Prussian Minister of War, Von Roon, introduces military reforms. There is longer military service, the army is twice as big, etc. Albrecht von Roon Bismarck Leads Prussia 1862 In 1862 Otto von Bismarck becomes prime minister of Prussia. Prussia wanted to unify Germany but Austria was against the unification of Germany. This caused Bismarck to want to attack and destroy Austria. Otto von Bismarck Seven Weeks War 1866 In 1866 a war against Austria and Prussia was held for seven weeks, therefore giving the war it's name. This war is also known as the Austro-Prussian War.
In the end, Prussia won the seven weeks war. Everything was going according to Bismarck's plan. An artist's rendering of the Seven Weeks War North German Confederation 1867 In 1867 Prussia annexed various German states. Prussia organized these states into the North German Confederation. A map of the North German Confederation Franco-Prussian War 1870 The Franco-Prussian war was a battle between Prussia and France. After years of tension between the powers, the war was inevitable after the issue of the vacant Spanish throne. Prussian and German forces were to big a match for France, due to superior steel artillery and use of railroads. An artist's depiction of the Franco-Prussian war Germany Unified 1871 Germany completed the unification process. It was declared as the German Empire. Wilhelm I of Prussia was crowned emperor of the empire. Wilhelm I of Prussia German Unification Complete The Unification of Italy Revolutions Failed 1848 Although revolutions swept through all of Europe, they failed in both Italy and Germany. With one exception, the kingdom of Sardinia. The Liberals failing in Germany didn't matter much, the hope of a unified Germany remained.
Cammillo di Cavour was a leader in Sardinia at the time of it's success. That success made Cavour more recognized. With more recognition, he became a big part of the Italian unification. He helped to modernize their economy by building up the army, building railways, improving agriculture, industry and finances. Location of Sardinia A bay in Sardinia Cavour Becomes Prime Minister 1852 In 1852 Camillo di Cavour is elected prime minister of the thriving kingdom of Sardinia and Piedmont (area in north Italy). After becoming prime minister, Cavour worked to build up a better economy. His efforts to help the economy was his first step in the unification process. He also became allies with Great Britain and France, the two major influences in Europe. Cavour also wanted to make the government a constitutional monarchy. He was one of the many leaders of unification. He was also known as the brains of the whole thing because he had many plans for unification. Camillo di Cavour Crimeon War Starts 1954 The Crimean War breaks out in Russia. Cavour sends out his new Piedmont troops to assist. Location of Piedmont Crimean War Ends 1856 The Crimean War ends. After that, Camillo di Cavour gains a seat for Piedmont at the Paris Peace Conference. Crimean War Important Meeting 1858 A meeting is held between Cavour and Napolean III after an Italian nationalist attempted to blow up Napolean III. This sort of helped the French become allies with Italy. Napolean III Northern States Liberated 1859 In 1859 Sardinia receives Lombardy (a northern Italian state). At about the same time other northern Italian states unite with Sardinia. The location of Lombardy Garibaldi invades Sicily 1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi In 1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi invades Sicily, then captured Sicily and Naples. Meanwhile the southern Italian region unites with the northern Italian region. Italy Unified 1861 In 1861 Italy was declared a unified nation. Victor Emmanuel II was crowned the first King of united Italy.
Interesting Fact: Many citizens were very disappointed by the fact that he chose to retain the name of Victor Emmanuel II instead on using the name Victor Emmanuel I of Italy. Victor Emmanuel II of Italy Capturing Rome 1867 Garibaldi goes on an expedition to capture Rome. After the battle, he defeats Rome and wins it for Italy. Garibaldi capturing Rome A Completely Unified Italy 1870 Italy has become completely unified. The capital of Italy is now Rome rather than its previous capital, Florence. Map of a completely unified Italy This Prezi was created by:
Vignesh Rajmohan Idea of a Unified Italy 1815 Three major ideas came about. One idea was that the kingdom of Sardinia should take complete control of Italy. The second was created by a priest. The priest wanted the existing italian states to form a federation with the pope as president. The last idea was by Giuseppe Mazzini, who wanted a democratic republic based on universal male suffrage and run by the people's will. Guiseppe Mazzini Austria Invades Naples 1821 Austrian forces march into Naples to restore Ferdinand the I to the throne.This was under orders from Metternich/holy alliance. This was a result of the War of the two Sicilies in which Ferdinand had lost power. Ferdinand I of Naples Yeah! Yeah!
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