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Chapter 23 - Euro Project
Transcript of Chapter 23 - Euro Project
Chemicals Electricity ... and
Oil Henry Bessemer Invents new process for manufacturing steel cheaper and in larger quantities Chemical Solway Process Increase in production sulfuric acid and laundry soap Plastics developed Prominent link between science and industry becomes evident 1st electrical plant in Great Britian 1881 Homes begin to use electric lights. Streetcars and subways electrified. Gottleib Daimler Improves and invents the modern internal combustion engine. In 1889 he mounts engine onto carriage and the first automobile born France takes lead in auto manufacturing Henry Ford makes automobiles accessible to masses higher demand for oil and steel Oil companies: Standard Oil of the United States, British Shell Oil, and Royal Dutch Petroleum Economic Difficulties Bad weather
Foreign Competition Bank Failures Economic Expansion Bicycles Department Stores The Middle Classes in Ascendancy London Great Exhibition After revolutions of 1848 - Middle classes no longer push for revolutionary change Social Distinctions Within the Middle Classes Tension Prosperous group of entrepreneurs and professional people “White-collar workers” Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Life Urbanization Competition for jobs The Redesign of Cities Corrupt city environments Napoleon III- redesign cities Baron Georges Haussmann Suppresion of the Commune Social and political division Eiffel Tower Basilica of the Sacred Heart Development of suburbs Urban Sanitation Cholera Miasmas in the air - spread disease 1840s publication of sanitation problems New water and sewer systems Streetsweepers help with city sanitation Government & public health Public Health Act Melun Act Society Politics to
World War I & Housing Reform and Middle-Class Values Housing - health hazard A.V. Huber Jules Simon - good house - good family Better living standards - Alleviate social and political discontent German Krupp Armaments Late-Nineteenth-Century Women’s Experiences Women
Economically dependent Legally inferior Could not own property Under husbands identities Woman’s Property Act Women - “give obedience” to husbands Women legal minors Divorce is difficult Husbands have authority over children Less education School teaching - "female job" New Employment Patterns For Women Growth in large scale corporations Demand for elementary school teachers Technologies advance - new jobs Withdrawal and decline in workforce Unmarried Working children Low wages Working-Class Women Putting out system Poverty and Prostitution - supplement the male income to support the family Women of the
Middle Class Upper and Lower
middle classes Manufactured goods The Cult of Domesticity Separation Family dynamic change Marriages arranged
Women roles - domestic Religious and Charitable Activities Sexuality and Family size The Rise of Political Feminism Political and church figures exercised power over women Women were uncomfortable with supporting their political opinions Mary Wollstonecraft Votes for Women in Britain National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies Rally for vote in Parliament Emmeline Pankhurst Sufferagettes Political Feminism on the Continent Marie Mauguet Jewish Emancipation The 2nd INdustrial Revolution Questions What does this painting demonstrate and why is it significant? Henry Bessemer Bank Failures Great Britian, 1881 Reconstruction program, Napoleon III 1. 2. 3. Give an example of urban sanitation and how this effected housing reform. Social Change
Questions What does this painting demonstrate and why is it significant? Explain entrepreneurs and professional people vs. "blue collar workers" in terms of social distinction. What was Baron Georges Haussmann in charge of and who was he appointed by? Women and Jews
Questions What were the three areas of womens social disabilities? 1. 2. 3. Prosperity rights, family law, and education Explain The Cult of Domesticity In 1782 what did Joseph II do? He made Jews almost equal to Christians What does this painting demonstrate and why is it significant? Differing Degrees of Citizenship Joseph II Not full rights Restrictions Broadened Opportunities- Revolutions of 1848 New beneficial laws to help Jews with jobs and rights Citizenship Western Europe-less prejudice Leaders in education and science Anti-Semitism