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Transcript of Evidence
Supporting your thesis
are just one example of evidence.
To develop your thesis, you might also include
statistics, personal observation or experience, anecdotes, and expert opinions and quotations
(gathered from books, articles, interviews, documentaries, and the like).
Imagine that your paper has the following thesis:
“People normally unconcerned about the environment can be galvanized to constructive action if they feel personally
affected by an environmental problem.”
why people become involved in the environmental movement:
they believe the situation endangers the health of their families; they fear the value
of their homes will plummet; they feel deceived by officials’ assurances that there’s nothing to worry about.
of neighborhood recycling efforts succeeding in communities once
plagued by trash-disposal problems.
about residents’ efforts to preserve the quality of well water in a community
undergoing widespread industrial development.
about the specific steps the average person can take to get involved in
showing the growing number of Americans concerned about the environment.
telling about the way you became involved in an effort to stop a local business from dumping waste into a neighborhood stream.
about an ordinarily apathetic friend who protested the commercial
development of a wooded area where he jogs
from a well-known scientist about the considerable impact
that well-organized, well-informed citizens can have on environmental
A good deal of evidence is generated during the prewriting stage. At this point you are tapping into your own personal experiences for support of your thesis.
Obviously for more stable support you will also be using the library and internet resources to find experts in your topic's relevant field to use for quotations and statistics.
The next part of the lecture will look at a very formalized way to easily generated personal evidence. Think of this as a tool to use either as you begin writing or to see where you could increase the amount of content in a already written but short paper.
Patterns of Development
The following chart assumes we are working with the following thesis: “To those who haven’t done it, babysitting looks easy. In practice, though, babysitting can be difficult, frightening, even dangerous.”
Description: Details about a child who, while being babysat, was badly hurt playing on a backyard swing.
Narration: Story about the time a friend babysat a child who became seriously ill and whose condition was worsened by the babysitter’s remedies.
Illustration: Examples of potential babysitting problems: an infant who rolls off a changing table; a toddler who sticks objects into an electric outlet; a school-age child who is bitten by a neighborhood dog.
Division-classification: A typical babysitting evening divided into stages: playing with the kids; putting them to bed; dealing with their nighttime fears once they’re in bed. Classify kids’ nighttime fears: of monsters under their beds; of bad dreams; of being abandoned by their parents.
Process analysis: Step-by-step account of what a babysitter should do if a child becomes ill or injured.
Comparison-contrast: Contrast between two babysitters: one well-prepared, the other unprepared.
Cause-effect: Why children have temper tantrums; the effect of such tantrums on an unskilled babysitter.
Definition: What is meant by a skilled babysitter?
Argumentation-persuasion: A proposal for a babysitting training program to be offered by the local community center.
Characteristics of Evidence
The Evidence Is Relevant and Unified
The Evidence Is Specific and Concrete
The Evidence Is Adequate
The Evidence Is Dramatic
The Evidence Is Accurate
The Evidence Is Representative
Borrowed Evidence Is Documented