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The Tropical Rainforest of Sumatra and Java
Transcript of The Tropical Rainforest of Sumatra and Java
Hannah Vaughn and Elizabeth Lucier The Tropical Rainforest
of Sumatra and Java WHAT??? Travel to....... Endangered Species With the Balinese and Javan tigers being extinct, the Sumatran tiger is the only surviving species of Indonesian tiger. Its wild population is believed to total less than 500, with an estimated 150 breeding pairs. One of the most immediate threats to their survival comes from the destruction of critical habitat by the pulp and paper industry as it converts high value rainforests into monoculture pulp plantations.
Tiger scientists say that existing protected forest areas in Sumatra are not sufficient to maintain viable tiger populations. Each breeding pair of tigers requires a large home range so it is essential that remaining areas of natural rainforest outside of protected areas be conserved if these tigers are to survive. The orangutan continues to suffer high declines from deforestation. Sumatran orangutans are labeled as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, with a population of just a few thousand. The UN calls the current status of the remaining orangutans “a conservation emergency.” Habitat destruction caused by the massive expansion of palm oil plantations is the primary reason orangutans are facing the threat of extinction. The island of Java is home to a small population of Javan Rhinoceros, the rarest of all rhinoceros, while Sumatra’s swamp forests protect the last Sumatran Rhinoceros, second rarest of the rhinos. Sumatran elephants, a subspecies of the wider ranging Asian elephant, are endangered by habitat loss caused by the palm oil and pulp and paper industries. Niches in an Ecosystem Sumatran elephants feed on a variety of plants and deposit seeds wherever they go, contributing to a healthy forest ecosystem. Orangutans prefer to eat fruit and they play a vital role in the dispersal of seeds over a huge area. If orangutans were to disappear, so would several tree species, especially those with larger seeds. Clothes you would want to bring to Sumatra and Java include: light t-shirts and shorts for daytime
long pants and long sleeved shirts for night time
light and warm socks
a hat 2. Biotic Factors 3. Relationship Factors 4. Human Factors Space--Sumatra is 473,606 sq. km; Java is 132,107 sq.km
Physical features--The Bukit Barisan Mountain Range has many active volcanoes
Elevation--over 9000 feet.
Climate and Weather-- hot, humid, and rainy.
Temperatures -- 21 to 28 degrees Celsius.
Precipitation--It rains around 3000 millimeters per year (some places more some places less, depending on where you are).
Seasons--There is a dry season and a wet season. The dry season comes around June to September and the wet season comes around December to March. Tourist Activities While in Sumatra... While in Java... While in Sumatra... You can visit Gunung Leuser National Park
Stop by Berastagi
Relax by Lake Toba Sumatra Java While in Java... Go to Prambanan
Visit Borobudur Potential Dangerous Elements •Be cautious of mosquitoes, and although they have had no reports on malaria infection in recent years. You should wear long sleeved shirts and long pants when it is cool enough, and have bug spray on all day.
•Wildlife can be unpredictable. Crocodiles and poisonous snakes are present throughout most of Indonesia, although they are uncommon in most areas.
•Indonesia is a chain of highly volcanic islands along the Ring of Fire, so earthquakes occur constantly and tsunamis and volcano eruptions are common. Realistically, there is little you can do to avoid these risks, but familiarize yourself with the warning signs and pay attention to fire escape routes in hotels. Rafflesia arnoldii corps flower -parasitic
-attaches to the bark of a damaged root of a plant
-no roots or leaves
-steals nutrients from the plant
-does not help it aid in reproduction Bibliography
(2011). Retrieved from Orangutan Foundation International: http://www.orangutan.org/rainforest/indonesian-forest-facts
Indonesia's Geography. (2010). Retrieved from www.asianinfo.org: http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/indonesia/pro-geography.htm
Rafflesia arnoldii. (2013). Retrieved from Kew: http://www.kew.org/plants-fungi/Rafflesia-arnoldii.htm
Top 10 Biggest and Popular Rainforests in The World. (2011). Retrieved from TIP TOP TENS.com: http://www.tiptoptens.com/2011/03/05/top-10-biggest-and-popular-rainforest-in-the-world/
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, Indonesia. (2012, February 21). Retrieved from The Encyclopedia of Earth: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Tropical_Rainforest_Heritage_of_Sumatra,_Indonesia The Hopea plant gives the monkeys, elephants, and rhinos the food and energy they need. This is very important, for the Hopea plant which is the producer which supports all consumers. WHY ARE SO MANY ANIMALS GOING ON THE ENDANGERED LIST? Human Influences A tiger has a predator prey relationship with other animals.