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Emperor Titus

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Matt Downes

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Emperor Titus

Emperor Titus and His Scoundrel Like Actions The son of current reigning emperor Vespasian was born in 39AD on the 30th of December. Titus, was born and destined to be the next Roman king at birth. Emperor Titus Leader of the Roman Army, Titus Attacks Jerusalem During the Early 1st century the Roman Empire was quickly spreading throughout Libya, Turkey, France and Britain. Artillery and life as many knew it was as basic as possible during this time. Bows and arrows were the most accurate weapon available, so they were heavily used by the Roman Army as well as the Greeks, Jews and Celtics. The life of a Roman woman in 70 AD was very much like cooking and cleaning while the husband worked for their living. Unfortunately, prostitution was popular during these times, as were rape and slavery. The Romans often seemed derivative: their art, philosophy, literature, and in many respects religion all look as if they were borrowed from the Greeks. For example, Romans believed in gods, much like the Greeks, in fact, the Romans had the same god, but a different name: (Zeus became Jove, Hera became Juno, Hermes became Mercury, Aphrodite became Venus, etc.) The Romans in some ways mirrored Greek culture with defined differences between them. Roman Culture The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 AD started the First Jewish-Roman War. Led by the soon to be emperor, Titus, the Roman army besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been occupied by its Jewish defenders since 66 AD. The siege soon ended with the famous destruction of Jerusalem’s Second temple. The destruction of both temples is mourned annually by the Jewish community as Tisha B'Av which is celebrated usually during July, but there is no set date. This event is also celebrated annually by the Romans. The Arch of Titus still stands in Rome today and is a reminder of the sacking of Jerusalem and the temple. Emperor Titus and Christianity Due to the recent death of Jesus Christ in 30 A.D, the Christian scriptures were written and issued as the Old and New Testament as a single Bible between 70AD and 100AD. This was unfortunately too late for Titus to hear the word of God. However, social scientists predict he was aware of Jesus and his importance to the Jews. Emperor Titus died on the 13th of September 81 AD from fever a year after the Colosseum was completed. He would never be able to read the bible, or see the spread and legalisation of Christianity throughout Rome 232 years later (313AD). Titus' Values To his Father, Titus was the ideal son; he was in a way Emperor Vespasian's loyal and be-loved son. After Vespasian died on June 24, 79, Titus became emperor, 26 months before this natural death. During his 26 months of leadership, he was tested both emotionally and physically. In 80 A.D. when Titus first publicly used the Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum) he generously supplied the Roman citizens 100 days of free plays, battles, theatrical entertainment and spectacle, At this point, majority of Rome was frightened of Titus in fear of him being the next Nero. Emperor Nero was a cruel leader, adopted son of Claudius; he was filled with evil, and ordering the assassination of his mother. However, the Roman people completely misjudged Titus, instead of being cruel and unforgiving; he evolved into a great leader. He is remembered fondly as a kind and forgiving leader who helped victims of crime, fire, plague and volcanic destruction out of his own good will.

Today, the Arch of Titus still stands honouring the great Roman leader and the sacking of Jerusalem. Titus' Contribution to Christianity Emperor Titus in his short life, didn't impact greatly on Christianity, but he did effect the Jews and their beliefs during the sacking of Jerusalem. The Jews at the time did not practice Judaism; they were still Jesus' people. However, in Revelations 6:8 he is mentioned and viewed as a destructive, ruthless and cruel enemy who persecuted Jews during the 5 month attack and after (he fed the animals in the Roman arenas tens of thousands of captured Jews after Jerusalem was destroyed.) Rev 6:8 And i looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth. Titus' Weaknesses, mistakes and Christian Faith Being one of the early emperors of Rome, Titus had no Christian faith that is eminent to social scientist and historians. He and majority of Rome as we know it was faithful to the Roman gods, Especially Jupiter (Jove) who was the king of all gods, the sky and thunder Jupiter was also the Greek equivalent of Zeus.

Emperor Titus had few weaknesses and made few mistakes during his life. He was a great and powerful leader of the Roman army for many years, he also supported the Roman during times of need and donated his own money towards clean-ups and rebuilding. He had every positive trait possible, strength, confidence, kindness, ruthlessness onto enemies in battle and was very intelligence. He was a revolutionary Roman emperor affecting positively on Rome and is people, but negatively on enemies of Rome, such as the Jews. The Roman's siege on Jerusalem, most probably made the Christian community stronger as a whole. Temples and Prosperity Titus, being the Emperor's son for most of his life and Emperor for two and a bit years needed to make a great example for his people to live by. Due to Christianity not being legalised in Rome until 313 A.D. he didn't attend church and worship God as Christians do today. Instead he and the Roman people worshipped gods such as: Neptune, the god of the sea, Mars, the god of war, Jupiter and Juno, the king and queen of the roman gods. In Christianity today, pilgrims visit a church, whereas in ancient Rome, Romans visited temples which were located in areas known as Forums. Forums were market places in every large town or city, these were usually surrounded by temples and public buildings, many people would swap Forums to friendly gossip and do business.
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