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Life In Ancient Athens

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Megan Malone

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Life In Ancient Athens

Life In Ancient Athens Megan Malone and Eduardo Tejero Trade In Athens Geographical Features Architecture In Athens Athenian Women Children Of Athens Education In Athens The Democarcy in Athens Legacy Of Athens Entertainment Athenian Food Athenian Navy 3rd period 10/03/12 Babys Born In Athens Athens was very big on trade. They served as a way station for the islands off of the Aegean Sea along with Corinth. The Athenian people sold marble extracted from Penteli as well as silver coins. They also served as a source of metal in the places that didn’t use money. Everyone knew Athens for their elegant workmanship and their high proportion of silver. The state collected a duty on their cargo, in the Athenian port Piraeus was set between 1% and 2%. By the end of the fifth century it was up to 33 talents. After the reorganization of the government by Cleisthenes in 508B.C. following the first meeting of the new pryaneis, the trade regulations were reviewed, with a specialized committee overseeing the trade in wheat, flower, and bread. The geographical features of Ancient Athens had a great influence on its economy, trade and growth. Athens was located on a costal plane on the mainland of Greece, in a transition area between the Mediterranean and the Alpine climate. Which isn’t far from its natural harbor of Piraeus on the Saronic gulf in eastern Greece, and from Pentelicus mountain that is famous for its marble. The marble was used to construct the Acropolis and other buildings in Ancient Athens. Some great architectural features of Ancient Athens would be Acropolis Hill it is one of Europe’s most enduring monuments. During the classical period three of the most important monuments were built on Acropolis Hill the Parthenon, Erechtheion, and the Temple Of Nike. Pericles started the construction of the Parthenon in 447 B.C it was completed in 432 B.C. He dedicated the Parthenon to the Greek goddess Athena. Inside there was a marble statue of Athena. Erechtheion was built to accommodate the religious people. The theater Of Dionysus was located in the center of Athens and it can easily hold up to 20,000 people. It dates back to 600 B.C and is dedicated to the Greek god Dionysus. The women in Athens weren’t treated badly but they definitely didn’t have as many rights as we do today. But they weren’t treated awfully. They could not own property, such as clothes, jewelry, or slaves. They were not able to buy or own land. A guardian or parent controlled all aspects of their lives. They were allowed to marry any other citizen and participate in religious ceremonies but they were not allowed to vote or have financial independence. They usually got married soon after puberty to older men. Children in athens had different rights.The girls stayed at home until they were married like there mothers they were allowed to attend certain festivals,funerals, and visit neighbors for short amounts of time. Boys also stayed home for the majority of the time, helping in the feilds, fishing, and sailing. At age 7 it was then time for the boys to go to school. The Athenians wanted their sons to have a good education so that they would know about a very wide range of subjects and be able to appreciate the things they have. Most boys went to school roughly from age 7 to age 14. The girls stayed home and learned housekeeping skills and the skills of motherhood, but some families hired private tutors to educate their daughters. All schools were private schools, parents had to pay to send their children to school but the fees were so low that even poor citizens could usually afford to have their sons educated and most did. Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC. Athens is one of the first known democracies. Other Greek cities set up democracies, and even though most followed an Athenian model, none were as powerful, stable, nor as well-documented as that of Athens. It remains a unique and intriguing experiment in direct democracy, a political system in which the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own right. Participation was by no means open, but the in-group of participants was constituted with no reference to economic class and they participated on a large scale. The public opinion of voters was remarkably influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theatres. The food in Ancient Greece consisted of grains, figs, wheat, barley, fruit, vegetables, breads, grapes, sea- food. Olives were the main crop; beef was very expensive and eaten on rare occasions. There was also grapes, wheat, and fish. The Greek diet consisted of foods that were easily raised in the rocky terrain of Greece’s landscape. Breakfast was eaten just after sunrise and consisted of bread dipped in wine. Lunch was again bread dipped in wine along with some olives, figs, cheese or dried fish. Supper was the main meal of each day. It was eaten near sunset. It consisted of vegetables, fruit, fish, and possibly honey cakes. Sugar was unknown to ancient Greeks, so natural honey was used as a sweetener. With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistocles. The fleet was made up of triremes, wooden warships that carried 170 rowers manning three banks of oars. The ships were 100-120 feet long and about 20 feet wide. At her peak, Athens had a fleet of 400 ships, a force requiring close to 80,000 men. These rowers, mainly drawn from Athens' poorer citizens, were paid and were seldom slaves. These citizen oarsmen were recognized as early as the 5th century B.C. as a significant force in the maintenance of the democracy. The history of Athens is the longest of any city in Europe, Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years. It was the birthplace of democracy and it became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium B.C.. Its cultural achievements during the fifth century B.C. are said to have laid the foundations of western civilization. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Byzantine Empire. Athens re-emerged in the nineteenth century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Humanity remains indebted to Athenian civilization; the idea of representative, parliamentary democracy owes its origins to Athens; disciplines such as philosophy and history continue to study texts written in ancient Athens, while the values of liberal humanism were also derived from Athenian thought. The Romans had an unusual form of entertainment, they took pleasure in watching men and animals kill each other. They enjoyed watching chariot races and fights between gladiators which were more dangerous and crueler than chariot races. These fights took place in the amphitheater, a circular or oval shaped building with an arena in the center surrounded by tiered seating. The Coliseum was one such amphitheater, and it could hold 45,000 spectators. When a baby was born, the father would carry his child in a ritual dance around the household. The familys friends and relatives would send gifts to the family welcoming their child into the world. If the family had a boy they would decorate the doorway with olive wreaths. If it were a girl the would have wreaths made of wool. Bibliography .greeka. Greek.com. N.p., n.d. Web. "What Was the Reason of Enormous Prime of Greece?" Ancient Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ancient-greece.us/>. "Ancient History Encyclopedia." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ancient.eu.com/>.
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