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GMO Presentation

Biology partner project

Kelly Yu

on 24 March 2011

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Transcript of GMO Presentation

An Introduction to GMOs created by
Carrie Drummond, Hailey Bradley, Kelly Yu What are GMOs? GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organism. Another name for a GMO is a GEO, or Genetically Engineered Organism. All GMOs have undergone some type of genetic modification.
From http://www.hse.gov.uk/biosafety/gmo/whatare.htm
Genetic modification is the process of altering the DNA code in a cell that is being artificially grown in a laboratory. The purpose of doing this is that when this cell is cultured or allowed to develop into a complete organism the genetic modification will have resulted in it having new characteristics. What foods are we eating that are genetically engineered? worldcommunitycookbook.org Ever since GMOs were first introduced, there has been great debate about its benefits versus the problems it brings. Pros Cons Rules & Regulations People are not allowed to simply make as many GMOs as they please. Genetic engineering is serious business. By introducing GMOs, we have essentially created a new plant that would not have developed on its own. It is not natural and could harm other native organisms if not supervised properly. FDA, USDA, EPA From http://ucanr.org/freepubs/docs/8179.pdf
Three federal agencies are responsible for evaluating new crop varieties developed using GE: the FDA evaluates food and feed safety aspects, the USDA ensures agricultural and environmental safety, and the EPA evaluates food safety and environmental issues associated with new pesticides and uses. How to Gain Nonregulated Status for a GMO From http://ucanr.org/freepubs/docs/8179.pdf
The USDA requires a molecular, biochemical, and cellular characterization of the GE plant, along with data on the life cycle, reproductive characteristics, and any expected or unexpected changes from nonengineered plants of the same species. All GE-derived food and feed crops need to be sent to the FDA for a "consultation." Then it can be approved. Can we genetically modify plants with an animal's DNA? GMOs = Serious business Consultation It is not possible because the DNA from the animal would be rejected and the plant would therefore die. However, it is possible to modify plants with other plants' DNA to cross breed the plant. NO Corn writingcompany.blogs.com Soybeans benzinga.com Cotton sharingsustainablesolutions.org Papaya blog.oregonlive.com Canola dotconnectoruk.blogspot.com Sugar Beets british-chinese.blogspot.com Rice Better taste
Better quality
Fruit and vegetables keep longer
Plants grow bigger and faster
Healthier and stronger animals
Less harmful pesticides Hard to tell what the long term effects are from consumption
Could have bad effects on curtain species from cross breeding
Could case bad bacteria to be harder to kill
Some people think it’s unethical to alter natural things growingproduce.com Thanks for watching!
Full transcript