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Copy of collision at cajamarca

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Megan Justice

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of collision at cajamarca

Collision at Cajamarca
Haruka Ozone
Main Idea
A conquest at Cajamarca by the Spanish symbolized the replacement of Native Americans in Peru.
Atahuallpa
Francisco Pizarro
1. What two groups of people were involved in the Collision at Cajamarca?
Spanish conqueror
represented Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, monarch of the most powerful state in Europe.
controlled 168 ______ soldiers.
isolated from reinforcements and other_____.
Emperor in Inca
Large monarch in ______.
revered by Incas as god of the Sun.
controls 80,000 soldiers
in middle of his own empire.
2. What do we mean by the word 'collision'?
The dramatic victory by Pizarro (Old World Spain) over Native Americans of the New World. Only a few hundred spaniards defeated Atahualpa's army with 80,000 Indians.
3. Why were Spanish able to defeat Incas?
Spain
Incas
no horses, weak defence and offence
horses, latest weapons, strong defence and offence
Inca Empire- largest empire in pre-Columbian America, 1438-1533CE.
-
Spaniards- inhabitant in Spain
Key Terms
Francisco Pizarro
Atahuallpa
Incas
Spaniards
Cajamarca
ragtag
1st step
Finished
2nd step
Spark
Last step
Start
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Things happened in the battle
Atahuallpa was captured in a few minutes after they set eyes on each other, and after Pizarro saw how much gold there was.
Atahuallpa was a hostage for 8 months.
The Inca offered a ransom of "a room full of gold" in exchange for Atahuallpa.
4 . Why couldn't the Incas have just killed the Spaniards early on?
5. What happened after the Collision at Cajamarca?
horses
rifles
helmets
daggers
lances
swords
quilted armer
slingshots
mace
wooden clubs
stone
hand axe
Lack of technology
no writing system
disorganized government
Spain
organized govenment
letters and pamphlets by Columbus' Corte's conquest of the Aztecs (about ten years earlier) helped guide Pizarro.
Incas
Hernando Pizarro
Hernando deceived Chalcuchima in giving himself up to the Spaniards.
Chalcuchima
Atahuallpa's leading general
Francisco's brother
turning point in the collapse of Incas
became decisive for Europeans to conquer Incas
huge gap of losses
no soldiers are lost
6-7,000 Indians lay dead
heavy wounds
once an organized government, it collapsed due to absense of Atahuallpa
no ships
no writing system
had some previous knowledge about Incas since landing to Mexico.
literate societies can process, and record, and exchange information more quickly
no experiences with overseas invaders
no information about Spaniards
REVIEW TIME
huge gap of technology, especially weapons

literacy

Since Atahuallpa was a "godlike" figure, his execution and absence bred disorganization.
Talk and Walk
1. Stand up and take a walk around the class.
2. Keep your notebook open, and share what you have on your notebook while walking around.
3. After getting back to your seat, add info that you missed.
Questions
TAke Notes PLz
1. What two groups of people were involved in the Collision at Cajamarca?

2. What do we mean by the word 'collision'?

3.Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Incas so easily?

4 . Couldn't the Inca have just killed the Spaniards early on? Why didn't they?

5. What happened after the Collision at Cajamarca?
Questions
TAKe noTes PLz
Spaniards
1
2
3
4
Incas
Spain
5
1. What does this idea "Guns, Germs, and Steel" mean? (personal thoughts)




2. Complete the chart below.
Spaniards
Incas
leader
weapons
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
literacy
Francisco Pizarro
Atahuallpa
horses
quilted armor
no writing system
previous knowledge
5. What happened after the Collision at Cajamarca?
80,000
number of soldiers
ragtag
168
Despite the ransom, Atahuallpa was murdered by Pizarro.
THE END
Thank you :)
Full transcript