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Chapter 5 : analysing and distinguishing meaning

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Nindy Wardani

on 7 January 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 5 : analysing and distinguishing meaning

Analyzing
and
Distinguishing Meaning
Lexical Relation
Componential Analysis
It is an approach to semantics analysis which use the presence or absence of components or features of the words to find its exact meaning. The components or features are called semantics features.

Problems
Polysemy and Meaning Division
Chapter 5 : analysing and distinguishing meaning
Advantages
1. The use of the features makes the
meaning more concrete and uniform than
it had on the dictionary.
2. The assumption of the same distinctive
semantic features would re-occur again
and again, it will make the meaning
uniform.


Function : to differenciate/find the exact meaning between words, especially from same classification.
Example : the meaning of unicorn and pony. Both are from same classification, horses, but have different meaning in term of the appearence.
This analysis uses two possible value + or –
1. Rigidity of the binary features system.
2. Can not be applied for every vocabulary.
Examples : tall, short, thick, etc.
3. Not suitable for vocabulary which hard to produce its
definition.
Example : red, blue, etc
4. Some vocabulary will have different distinctive features
from its definition
Example : a. buy have features : [±exchange]
[±price] [±subject receives] etc.
5. The definition of semantic features is much less clear.

Example
Polysemous
Polysemous comes from Greek and understood as “many meanings”
Chair as furniture can also means “head of commite” and “professorship”
Polysemy, Monosemy, Homonymy
Monosemy is the opposite of polysemy which is “single meaning”
Example : Cousin (son of father’s sister)
Homonymy also has contrass with Polysemy, Homonymy is “same name”
Example : Wave and Waive have the
same pronounced as [weIv]

Tests of Polysemy
Word is called Polysemy if they have two meanings. Many linguists have to do the test and provide proof that such word is polysemy or not.
But however Because of this shifting status, the linguistic test would not seem to offer the stable results required for judgement of semantic structure.
Polysemy and Monosemy is a Dine
In the word Paint. It is Polysemy or Monosemy? If there are two people painting different kind of object and sense of feeling?
This discuss has resault that, the mere fact that paint can be used to refer to a variety of different situations tells us nothing about the number of senses involved.
Group members:

1. Husnul Ma'arief (112154011)
2. Anindya K. Wardani (132154039)
3. Mariyama Dina (132154044)

Semantics B
2015/2016
By : Mariyama D.
132154044
By : Anindya K. W
132154039
By : Husnul Ma'arief
112154011
Full transcript