Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Outdoor Injury and Illness Awareness

No description
by

Rosie Barter

on 21 June 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Outdoor Injury and Illness Awareness

Outdoor Injury and Illness Awareness

Brainstorm:
What are some different types of
outdoor environments
??

Think of activities we do in Rec Studies or Outdoor Ed at SMC...

Brainstorm:




RISK: The likelihood that harm will occur from exposure to the hazard


In small groups...
Heat Exhaustion Treatment
1. Lie casualty down
THANK YOU!

RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: Actions that can be taken to reduce the risk or remove the hazard

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke


Concussion
-
How
does it occur? Talk to the person next to you and decide how this injury
could
occur in the outdoors...
Snake Bites
Individually research the
different types of venomous snakes in WA
and
how they affect the human body
if we are bitten...

Share with the class!
Cuts and Abrasions
Move around the room to find a partner - Brainstorm
how
these could occur in different environments.
Share with the class!
Spider Bites
How
could these occur?
How could you
prevent
them from occurring?!
Fractures
How do fractures occur?
Dislocations
How do these occur?
Concussion
Sun Burn


Burns & Scalds
What is a burn? What is a scald?
Research
what actually happens when an area of the skin or body is burnt.



- How could we
prevent
these?
Sprained Ankle


-
What

is damaged?
- Damage to the
lateral ligaments
is most common. Is this
"eversion"
or
"inversion"
of the foot??
-
When
could this occur in the outdoors?
Treatment??
"RICER" and no "HARM"
Strapping - What could you useinstead of strapping tape?
Manipulation and stretching
-
What
is it?
Basic Treatment??



1.
Rest
- Avoid movement. Why?
2. If there is a
wound
, treat it.
3.
Recovery position
- Have a go with a buddy!
4.
Observe
the patient!! Why?
5.
Refer
- Doctor
Discuss how you could avoid this injury in different settings (
How could you minimise risks?
)
How could you avoid this injury in different outdoor
environments?
Treatment??
1. Compression and apply pressure!
What kinds of things could you use if you don't have bandages?

2. Close wound if deep and open.
What could you use?

3. Treat and clean wound/s.
What could you use if you don't have the appropriate things to sterilize?

4. Immobilise and rest!
Why?
What kinds of things do we do in Rec, and what kinds of things
could
you do to minimise the risk?

Your Teacher will give you different environments to focus on.
Treatment?
1. Apply broad crepe bandage
2. Apply a
pressure bandage
-
What else could you use??
Begin at fingers or toes of limbs and move upwards towards top of the limb
3.
Immobilise
!!
Why?? What could you use?
4.
Record
time of bite and when the bandage was applied.
Why??
5.
Monitor
casualty's breathing, check circulation and manage shock


What are some common
venomous
spiders in Aus?
1. Red Back
2. Funnel Web (lethal!)
3. Mouse



Treatment?
Different first aid plans for different spiders!
Research and discuss as a class -
www.spiders.com.au

4. White Tail
5. Black House
6. Wolf
Does anyone know the different TYPES of fractures?
Simple

-
a single line around the bone
Complete
- a 'break'
Comminuted
- little fragments
Greenstick
- a small wedge or chip out of the bone
Open
- where the bone has broken through the skin
Impact
- where the bone has been compressed almost
Treatment?
1. Control bleeding
2. Check for other fractures
3. Keep casualty as still as possible and immobilise limb -
Why do you think?

Research what happens inside the joint when a dislocation occurs!
Where are common areas for dislocations to occur?
Decide on some risk management strategies to avoid these hazards!
Share your ideas with the class!!
What do you think are some HAZARDS that could occur/be found in these environments?
HOW do injuries occur?? Discuss at least 4 broad reasons...
HAZARD: Something with potential to cause harm
In pairs, research the
difference between
Heat
Exhaustion
and Heat
Stroke.
Discuss as a class,
why
these conditions occur.
Brainstorm ways to
prevent
these conditions.
Brainstorm and research ways to
treat
both Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion.
Share with the class!
Heat Stroke Treatment
2. Loosen tight clothing
3. Sponge with cold water - just cool them!
How could you do this in the outdoors with minimal resources?
4. Give them fluids to drink -
W
hat types?
5. Seek medical aid IF they vomit or they don't recover quickly!
1. (Follow DRSABCD)
2. Apply cold to groin, armpits and neck -
Why? Brainstorm things you could use in the outdoors...
3. Cover with something wet
4. Call an ambulance!
5. If they are conscious and able to swallow, then give fluids
Treatment?
1. (Follow DRSABCD)
2. Control any bleeding and cover wounds

3. Check for fractures
4. Casualty should NOT move the injured part. Immobilise!
5.
"RICER"
!
As a class, discuss situations where and when concussions could occur in outdoor activities.
Why are concussions so serious?
What is a "concussion"??
A concussion is an altered state of consciousness, usually caused by a blow to the head or the neck.
Symptoms:
- Dazed
- Confused
- Headache
- Dizziness

Treatment:
1. Monitor breathing and pulse
If unconscious - DRSABCD
2. Support head and neck
3. Control any bleeding
4. Lie casualty in recovery position -
why
?
Practice putting someone into the recovery position!
Practice the recovery position!
Symptoms?
In the outdoor environments we have spoken about previously,
when
could burns occur?
Treatment?
1. Remove casualty from danger!
2. If clothing on fire -
"stop, drop, roll"
.
3.
Cool
the burnt area with
cold water
!
4.
Remove constrictions
- clothes, jewellery etc UNLESS stuck to the burn!!
5.
Cover
the burn with a sterile non-stick dressing
6.
Calm
the casualty.
Monitor
breathing and for schock
Hypothermia
What is this caused by?
Symptoms?
Find a partner from the other side of the room and research!
Feeling cold
Shivering
Clumsiness and slurred speech
Apathy and irrational behaviour
Slowed heart rate
Treatment?
Move casualty to a warm and dry place
Protect them from wind, wet ground etc
Avoid excessive activity and movement
Keep them horizontal
Warm them - Their head especially, hot drinks and blankets
What could you use?
Emergency Action Plans!
"DRSABCD"
Danger
- Check for any danger! To yourself first then the bystanders, then the casualty.
Response
- Check to see if the casualty can respond. Clap, talk, squeeze hand etc.
Send

for Help
- IF the casualty is NOT responding ie. unconscious.
Airways
- Check that their airways are clear.
Breathing
- Check whether they are breathing or not (Look Listen Feel, for 10 seconds)
CPR
- IF no breathing, begin compressions. 30 compressions, 2 breaths.
Defibrillator
- Use ASAP IF available.
"RICER"
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
Refer to a Dr.
Have a go at the DRSABCD Action Plan with a partner!
Practice!
Have a go at applying a bandage!
Have a go at treating someone!!
Have a go!!
Full transcript