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Transcript of MEDICAL TOURISM
The Middle East
MEDICAL TOURISM'S DEFINITION
WHERE DO PEOPLE GO FOR MEDICAL TOURIM ?
WHERE DO PEOPLE GO FOR
MEDICAL TOURISM ?
WHO ARE THE
& WHY DO THEY
CHOOSE A FOREIGN COUNTRY?
HISTORY OF MEDICAL TOURISM
need/want to have
WHAT would it be and
WHERE do you hope
to go for that?
cheap treatment cost
similar staffs' quality, equipment & healthcare procedures
great tourist attractions
Original meaning: to travel out of one's own country for the purpose of receiving medical services.
Suggest pleasure and relaxation, not necessarily characteristics associated with medicine.
MEDICAL TOURISM includes
Healthcare & Spa
Stem cell therapy
Started about 2000 years ago, when the Greek pilgrims traveled from Mediterranean to Epidauria in the Peloponnese - the birthplace and sanctuary of the God of healing
Early forms: spa towns & sanitariums
In Roman times, taking mineral water was popular and was considered medical tourism as it deems the health cures
Recently, it is a niche market, and is becoming international travel rapidly in search of cosmetic surgery and solution to various medical conditions, creating great benefit to healthcare providers, local economy, and the tourism industry
USD$24-40 billion industry (average spending $3000-5000 per visit)
REASONS FOR SEEKING HEALTHCARE SERVICES
IN A FOREIGN DESTINATION
Domestic medical issues (lower level of medical technology, long waiting time, higher costs)
Lack of access to healthcare in a sympathetic context
Disappointments with medical treatment at home
Inadequate insurance & Income to pay for local healthcare
The rise of high quality medical care in "developing countries"
Uneven legal & ethical responses to complex health issues
Connell, J. (2011)
- 1.54 million medical tourists
- Become an ideal destination for medical tourism since 70s, first specializing in sex-change operations, and later into cosmetic surgery
- In 1997, the stock market collapse led to change
the strategies of medical industry *
- The 9/11 crisis in 2001 decreased the number of clients from the Gulf, Middle East, and South Asia to USA. More focus is on Thailand.
The achievement for getting the higher quality treatment
Cost-efficient process in developing countries.
For host countries
Economic growth with development
Maintaining expensive medical facilities for local people.
The risk for failure during medical care
The concern for lacking political environment in developing countries (Hopkins, Labonte, Runnels, & Packer, 2010)
For host countries
Weaken the country's public health care by encouraging local providers to private facilities
Political issues in term of sufficient taxation.
Medical Tourism = global market
Medical tourism have been developing and becoming popular
The controversial issues from both tourist and host countries aspects
Asian countries are the popular medical tourism destinations (cost performance, or specialized treatment)
Consideration about positive and negative aspects is needed when tourists go overseas for medical tourism
Destroyed the savings of middle class
=>no longer able to pay for private health care
Private hospitals lost their customer base
=> They revised their market strategies
to target overseas patients
who are richer
• 70 interpreters
• All medical staff speaks English
• 200 surgeons are certificated in the USA
• A permanently staffed translation centre
that specializes in regional Asian languages
(Korean, Japanese, Cambodian,
Vietnamese and Lao)
- Annual growth rate 30%
- 45 thousand medical tourists annually
- $310 million industry (2005-2006)
- Mid 90s, private hospital Apollo & Workhardt were expanded & received government support
- Offers Medical Visa - doubles the time visitor can stay within the country to receive treatment
- Possesses high quality facilities, English-speaking medical professionals, great places as tourist attractions
- Listed on CNN.com as one of "hot destinations"
- 200.000 medical tourists in 2010
- Convenient & highly developed one-stop services with accomplished doctors, surprisingly affordable prices & healing environment
- International offices (20 countries) to help customers
- Currently specializing in cosmetic surgery
- Confidently possesses safe & advanced infrastructure with government support
- Special Visa for medical treatment
in their decision and arrangement
Scans, tests, health screenings and second opinions.
- the access to affordable medical care became closer with developed transportation
- gaining high quality of medical treatment. Consideration of risks and return is needed.
- For developing countries (Thailand, India), the profitability from medical tourists can bring positive economic result. The potential growth should be concerned due to the increased number of medical tourists all over the world (Ivy & Calvin , 2005).
Legal: Receiving medical care abroad may subject medical tourists to unfamiliar legal issues
Ethical: Illegal purchase of organs & tissues for transplantation; local residents are having trouble getting care
Medical tourism goes main stream
Medical tourism certification takes off
Professional credentials cross borders
Pricing is more confusing
More attention is paid to public safety of medical destinations
How is the medical tourism industry growing?
How can we use the medical tourism as a tourist?
How much can the medical tourism industry grow?