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Funeral Oration: Brutus vs. Antony
Transcript of Funeral Oration: Brutus vs. Antony
Brutus vs. Antony
used by the character to appeal to the audience's integrity
Brutus shows that he is an honest person by telling the plebeians,
"Believe me for mine honor, and have respect to mine honor that you may believe."
He is telling the people of Rome that they can trust him with what he is about to say regarding the murder of Caesar. This allows them to believe that he is a credible source.
Antony addresses the audience personally when he says,
"You all did love him once, not without cause. What cause withholds you then to mourn for him?"
He is asking them for a logical reason as to why they ever stopped loving Caesar; was it just because of Brutus? This causes the plebeians to think about their decisions and their feelings on the murder of Caesar.
To use logic, Antony tells the plebeians about Caesar's will,
"...he hath left you all his walks, his private arbors and new-planted orchards, on this side of the Tiber river. He hath left them you and to your heirs forever--common pleasures, to walk abroad and recreate yourselves. Here was Caesar! When comes such another?"
This is a logical thing to do because of the plebeians being so easily swayed. The fact that Caesar left them his personal property, makes them more on Antony's side versus Brutus'.
Brutus asks the plebeians the question,
"Had you rather Caesar were living and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all free men?"
This is an emotional appeal because it makes the plebeians think about Caesar's true intentions of ruling. Brutus is bringing it to their attention that if Caesar had been able to continue, there would have no longer been a democracy in Rome.
used by the character to appeal to their audience's emotions
used by the character to convince the audience with the use of logic and reason
To show the logic behind killing Caesar, Brutus says,
"As he was fortunate, I rejoice at it. As he was valiant, I honor him. But, as he was ambitious, I slew him."
He is telling the plebeians that even though Caesar had honorable qualities, his ambition was a good enough reason to kill him for. This is a logical statement because Caesar's tragic flaw of ambition was leading Rome in the direction of a tyranny.
In Antony's speech, he tells the plebeians,
"Come I speak in Caesar's funeral. He was my friend, faithful to me and just to me. But Brutus says he was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man."
This shows that Antony is credible because even though Brutus killed his best friend, he is still able to call him honorable.
By Brutus saying,
"Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more,"
he is using an antithesis. This statement contradicts itself because even though he "loved Caesar" he also killed him.
This device is used when Brutus says,
"Who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him I have offended. Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him I have offended."
He constantly repeats the same couple phrases to place emphasis on the fact that none of the Romans are standing up for Caesar.
In his speech, Antony constantly calls Brutus and Cassius,
He does this is in a way that makes him seem forgiving for what they did to Caesar. This "forgiving" quality is something that shows the plebeians why they should side with Antony.
When Antony says,
"Have patience, gentle friends, I must not read it. It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you,"
he is using a paralepsis. This is because he has put emphasis on the will by making it seem unimportant.
Brutus vs. Antony
Antony's speech proved to be more effective in the end. It was able to run Brutus and Cassius out of the country and brought the Romans to his side. Even though it caused the falsely accused murder of Cinna the Poet, its just shows how loyal the plebeians now are to Antony.