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The Odyssey Map Project
Transcript of The Odyssey Map Project
City of the Cicones
of the Lotus Eaters
of the Cyclopes
Land of the
Land of the Cimmerians and The Underworld
of the Sirens
The Island of
In sight of Ithaca
A blue circle on the map means it is one of the Odysseus's stops on his journey
The blue part of the map is the water
The brown/green part of the map is the land
Odysseus and his men have fought in a long 10 year war between the Spartans and the Trojans. The Spartans, with the help of Odysseus, leave a large wooden horse for the Trojans with men hiding inside of it. The Trojans bring it into their city Troy and the Spartans attack in the middle of the night. They are victorious and Odysseus and his men can finally return to their homeland.
Odysseus and his men arrive at Ismarus, the city of the Cicones. They need supplies for their journey, so they plunder the city greedily. A nearby people come to help the Cicones fight off Odysseus and his men, so they leave, having lost 6 men per ship.
The lotus is a fruit so sweet and delicious that you lose all thoughts of going home. A few men eat the fruit and do not want to return to their native land. Only by dragging the men to the ship and tying them up can Odysseus make the men leave.
The Cyclopes are an uncivilized race of huge, one- eyed creatures. Odysseus tries to take some food from one of the giant's homes but is captured by Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon. Polyphemus is welcoming at first, but then starts to eat a few of Odysseus' men each day. The plan Odysseus implements to escape includes saying his name is Nobody, getting Polyphemus drunk, and stabbing him in the eye to blind him. It works, and the men make it off the island, but Polyphemus sends a prayer to his father Poseidon, asking him to curse Odysseus, and Poseidon does.
1. Aeolus, the ruler of the winds, welcomes Odysseus and him men into his home. He summons winds to help them return to Ithaca. Aeolus also secretly gives Odysseus a bag of wind.
2. When Odysseus and his men return to the island, Aeolus rejects the men and does not help them because he worries that the gods are not on their side. This is because of all of the bad luck they have been having.
The men are very close to home and can actually see their native land but Odysseus falls asleep. The crew does not trust Odysseus and think maybe the bag of wind is a gift of gold and silver, and they greedily look inside. They open the bag of wind and the wind escapes, creating a storm that sends them all the way back to Aeolia.
The Laestrygonians are powerful giants who eat humans. King Antiphates and the Queen try to devour Odysseus and his men. Most escape to the ships, but the giants throw big boulders at the boats and only the boat that Odysseus is on escapes.
1. Odysseus and his crew reach the island of Circe, Aeaea. Circe is a very beautiful witch. She turns some of Odysseus' crew into pigs, and when Odysseus goes to help them, he is given some advice by Hermes. Hermes says that Odysseus should eat Moly to protect him from her spell and then to jump at her like he is about to stab her with his sword. He does just that, and Circe is amazed by him. He becomes her lover, and they stay for a year. However, he finally says that he needs to go home, and Circe tells him he must go visit the underworld to speak to Tiresias, who will tell him how to get home. Elpenor falls off a roof and dies right before they leave, so they have no time for a proper burial.
The men arrive at the Land of the Cimmerians and make a sacrifice to attract the dead's souls. Elpenor, who fell off Circe's island, is the first to come forth and begs for burial of his body. Then Tiresias tells Odysseus about how Poseidon hates him because Odysseus blinded Polyphemus. Tiresias tells Odysseus his fate: that he should return home and get Penelope back and kill the suitors. He also warns Odysseus of the tragedy that will occur if he or any of his men kill the cattle of the sun. Odysseus talks to his mother, who killed herself out of depression while he was gone. He meets other various women and brave warriors, including Agamemnon and Achilles.
2. Odysseus returns to Circe's island to bury Elpenor. Circe gives him some parting advice, warning him of the sirens, Scylla and Charybdis, and telling him not to kill the cattle of the sun.
Odysseus and his men pass by the land of the beautiful sirens, mermaids that eat humans. They lure men to their island with their beautiful song. Odysseus puts earwax in all of his crews ears. Because he is curious to hear the song, he has his crew tie him to the mast of the ship and not untie him even when he commands them to.
1. The first time Odysseus passes Charybdis, a monster whirlpool, he keeps close to the opposite side of the water and is not sucked into the whirlpool.
Scylla is a monster with six heads that takes six men (one for each head) from every ship that passes by. After escaping the Sirens, Odysseus and his crew pass Scylla and they lose six men. Odysseus knew that it was a choice between six men eaten by Scylla or the whole ship being destroyed by Charybdis, so he made a decision that sacrificed six men for the greater good.
Thrinacia, the island of the sun, is the next stop on Odysseus' journey. He has received so much warning of the disaster that this stop could hold that he did not really even want to dock his ship on this island, but Eurylochus convinces him to stop. They can not leave for a month because of a storm, and eventually run out of food and killing the sun god's cattle becomes more appealing. Eurylochus persuades the men to kill and eat the cattle, and zeus sends a terrible storm to punish them once they sat sail again. Only Odysseus escapes.
2. Odysseus was alone because all of his men were killed in the storm of punishment sent by Zeus. He clings to the branches of a fig tree when he encounters Charybdis so that the whirlpool will not swallow him whole. After the danger has passed, he drops back to some wooden boards left over from the ship and continues paddling.
The beautiful nymph Calypso lives on the island of Ogygia. When Odysseus comes to her island, she makes him her lover. They get along well but Odysseus misses him home and sobs of homesickness frequently. After seven years, Hermes convinces Calypso to let Odysseus go home. Odysseus makes a boat and sets said for Ithaca.
Odysseus makes his way to the island of the Phaecians, and at first is reluctant to reveal his identity. Eventually he tells the kind and welcoming King Alcinous and Queen Arte the fascinating story of his wanderings. They help him get back to Ithaca safely.
Odysseus returns to his native land Ithaca and reunites with his son Telemachus. Together they carry out a plan to kill the suitors. They are successful and Odysseus becomes king once again, and rules beside his wife Queen Penelope.