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The Bataan Death March
Transcript of The Bataan Death March
Backpacks and Other Bags
In the march, people and soldiers had to carry many goods while walking miles upon miles. Almost everyone involved were wearing pouches or other things used to carry their goods. These bags were vital to the march because they couldn't march easily if their hands were full.
This is a first edition colt revolver. This weapon was very popular during the march because of its small size and ease of use. It was also very powerful for its size and light so that it is easy to walk with.
Bullet Proof Hard Hats
The Bataan Death march was before the invention of Kevlar. A shot to the head results in death every time. Peoplle wore these hats to protect themselves from this easy kill.
Bataan Death March
By Derek Wardrop, Sam Sky, Adam Baughman, Bilal Naji
Works Cited Used For Info
Background for the Bataan Death March
Who was involved in the Bataan Death March?
Generals of the Death March
Where was did this occur?
Aftermath of the March
Effects on the Soldiers after the March
Size of March
General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964)
In 1942 had famously promised to return to the Philippines, made good on his word. In February 1945, U.S.-Filipino forces recaptured the Bataan Peninsula, and Manila was liberated in early March. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1903 and helped lead the 42nd Division in France during World War I, he oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led United Nations forces in the Korean War.
Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu
This picture shows the Japanese military guarding American and Filipino Troops during the march. The amount of soldiers who were captured can easily be seen. Although however this is not even half of the soldiers who were captured.
Here shows general McArthur on a visit to a veterans home. The man in the bed is Grover Wills, a soldier who lost both legs to the cruelties and hardships during the march. the overall result of the march led to many cases like this which included the loss of limbs from the way the japanese would treat and abuse their control of the men forcig them to either walk or be killed.
Here shows many emaciated but happy soldiers cheering and waving. They are so happy becuase after their long journey they were finally being liberated and they could return home.
The American soldiers were starved and
mistreated. They were forced to march over 60 miles, often kicked or beaten on their way. Many who fell down were executed. American troops were taken over by the Japanese. This was held in Bataan where the death march occurred. This shows Americans on the ground who died on the march. General Masaharu Homma was the commander of the Japanese troops when they invaded Bataan. He led the death march of the Filipinos and Americans. Homma was convicted of war crimes for his part in the Death March. He was executed by firing squad on April 3, 1946.
Length of March
The Bataan Death March was a very long march especially on foot. This march ran from Mariveles to San Fernando. It was almost a 85 mile march.
How Many People Marched?
In October of 1944, American forces had defeated the Philippines in the island of Leyte. Many Filipino troops were executed after the defeat and most of this was responsible to Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu. Thousands of troops died because of malnourishment, exhaustion, physical abuse, and execution in Japanese POW camps.
The day after Japan bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941, the Japanese invasion of the Philippines began. Within a month, the Japanese had captured Manila, the capital of the Philippines, and the American and Filipino defenders of Luzon (the island on which Manila is located) were forced to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula.
This march consisted of prisoners. Half of the prisoners were from the Philippians. The other half of the marchers were Americans that were captured. This march consisted of over 75,000 American and Filipeno troops.
This is a Japanese leaflet that describes an American soldier helping his partner surrender against the Japanese. The quote on top that mentions "While there is life. There is hope." This means that the Americans have a chance in their life to defeat the Japanese.
Bataan is a provence of the Philippines. It is approximately 1,372.98 km2 in area. It is ranked 72nd out of 80 in area ranking amongst provences. This is where the death march occured.
U.S. General Jonathan Wainwright
The day after the surrender of the main Philippine island of Luzon to the Japanese, the 75,000 Filipino and American troops captured on the Bataan Peninsula begin a forced march to a prison camp near Cabanatuan. During this infamous trek, known as the “Bataan Death March,” the prisoners were forced to march 85 miles in six days, with only one meal of rice during the entire journey. Within a month, the Japanese had captured Manila, the capital of the Philippines, and the U.S. and Filipino defenders of Luzon were forced to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula. For the next three months, the combined U.S.-Filipino army, under the command of U.S. General Jonathan Wainwright, held out impressively despite a lack of naval and air support.
This is an American newspaper from April of 1942. The headlines are all about the Japanese coming ashore and taking over Bataan. The photographs show some of the American and Filipino soldiers who are now prisoners. Some of the headlines are : 15 Generals Among War Prisoners, Japanese Flag in Cebu City, and Bataan completely occupied by the Japanese.
Jonathan Wainwright held out impressively despite a lack of naval and air support. Finally, on April 7, with his army crippled by starvation and disease, Wainwright began withdrawing as many troops as possible to the island fortress of Corregidor in Manila Bay. However, two days later, 75,000 Allied troops were trapped by the Japanese and forced to surrender. The next day, the Bataan Death March began. Of those who survived to reach the Japanese prison camp near Cabanatuan, few lived to celebrate U.S. General Douglas MacArthur’s liberation of Luzon in 1945.
Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu was tried, and he was the commander of the Japanese invasion forces in the Philippines. He was held responsible for the death march, a war crime, and was executed by firing squad on April 3, 1946.
General Edward King Jr.
Within a month, the Japanese had captured Manila, the capital of the Philippines, and the American and Filipino defenders of Luzon (the island on which Manila is located) were forced to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula. For the next three months, the combined U.S.-Filipino army held out despite a lack of naval and air support. Finally, on April 9, with his forces crippled by starvation and disease, U.S. General Edward King Jr. (1884-1958), surrendered his approximately 75,000 troops at Bataan.
Lt. General Homma Masharu took control of the American and Filipino soldiers who surrendered. after finding out that there were way to many POW's to transport by truck he made the decision to make them march the 70 miles to the San Fernando prison camp.
American troops were captured by the japanese and forced to make a 70 mile march to a japanses prison camp. they endured horrible treatment and conditions which would cause many men to lose their lives.
Remembering the march
In order to remember the march there are mock marches to remember those who died and suffered during the march. These marches often include the survivors of the march along side the path where they high five those participating in the march.
Many soldiers who survived still can remember the hardships that they faced during the march. This allowes them to give those who were not involved a picture of what it was like to be there with them.