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Labour Markets & Institutions in Development

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Christopher Wylde

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Labour Markets & Institutions in Development

Why Do Labour Markets Matter? Definitions Impact of Economic Reforms on Workers and Employment Formal Institutions Case Study Argentina Labour Markets & Labour Market Institutions in Development Politics of Development
Week 4
Christopher Wylde Labour Markets in Development WORK - All productive activity

LABOUR - The monetised form of work

LABOUR MARKETS - Where the value and form of monetised work is regulated For Developing Countries ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT - Skills, competitiveness, productivity

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT - Economic and social rights, role of democratisation

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT - Link between work and welfare more broadly Characteristics Large Informal Sectors
High Prevalence of Underemployment
LR shift from agriculture to industry Informal Institutions Citizenship & Identity Democratisation E.g. Education and skills, legal regulation of contracts, corporatist pratices, social policy

Role of Trade Unions

'Flexibilisation' of labour

Impact of privatisation 'A fair days wage for a fair days work'

Forces of supply and demand sufficient?

Social institutions and norms define the paramaters of the labour market The ethic of hard work

The challenges to this model:

‘[t]he labour movement does not seem fit to generate by itself and from itself a project identity able to reconstruct social control and to rebuild social institutions in the Information Age. Labour militants will undoubtedly be a part of new, transformative social dynamics, I am less sure that labour unions will.’ (Castells) Citizenship rights

Corporatist practices and Corporatism:

Corporatism is the theory and practice of organizing society into ‘corporations’ subordinate to the state Peronism Menemism Kirchnerism Corporatism and Populism The Washington Consensus 'segmented neo-corporatism' Figure 1. Number of Strikes in Argentina
Sources: Independent Social Research Consulting (CISI) database, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Etchemendy & Collier, 2007). Figure 2. Union and Non-Union Led Social Conflict in Argentina (2000-2005)
Sources: Independent Social Research Consulting (CISI) database, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Etchemendy & Collier, 2007). http://prezi.com/es3hx9hez35u/labour-markets-institutions-in-development/?kw=view-es3hx9hez35u&rc=ref-79462
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