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Labour Markets & Institutions in Development
Transcript of Labour Markets & Institutions in Development
Christopher Wylde Labour Markets in Development WORK - All productive activity
LABOUR - The monetised form of work
LABOUR MARKETS - Where the value and form of monetised work is regulated For Developing Countries ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT - Skills, competitiveness, productivity
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT - Economic and social rights, role of democratisation
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT - Link between work and welfare more broadly Characteristics Large Informal Sectors
High Prevalence of Underemployment
LR shift from agriculture to industry Informal Institutions Citizenship & Identity Democratisation E.g. Education and skills, legal regulation of contracts, corporatist pratices, social policy
Role of Trade Unions
'Flexibilisation' of labour
Impact of privatisation 'A fair days wage for a fair days work'
Forces of supply and demand sufficient?
Social institutions and norms define the paramaters of the labour market The ethic of hard work
The challenges to this model:
‘[t]he labour movement does not seem fit to generate by itself and from itself a project identity able to reconstruct social control and to rebuild social institutions in the Information Age. Labour militants will undoubtedly be a part of new, transformative social dynamics, I am less sure that labour unions will.’ (Castells) Citizenship rights
Corporatist practices and Corporatism:
Corporatism is the theory and practice of organizing society into ‘corporations’ subordinate to the state Peronism Menemism Kirchnerism Corporatism and Populism The Washington Consensus 'segmented neo-corporatism' Figure 1. Number of Strikes in Argentina
Sources: Independent Social Research Consulting (CISI) database, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Etchemendy & Collier, 2007). Figure 2. Union and Non-Union Led Social Conflict in Argentina (2000-2005)
Sources: Independent Social Research Consulting (CISI) database, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Etchemendy & Collier, 2007). http://prezi.com/es3hx9hez35u/labour-markets-institutions-in-development/?kw=view-es3hx9hez35u&rc=ref-79462