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What is Psychiatric Nursing?

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Sheila Searles

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of What is Psychiatric Nursing?

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
Sullivan's Interpersonal Theory
-Complicated bereavement following the death or loss of a loved one
Role Disputes
-Conflicts with a significant other
Role Transition
-Problematic change in life status or social or vocational role
Interpersonal deficit
-An inability to initiate or sustain close relationships
Erikson's Ego Theory
8 Stages of Development
Infancy = Trust vs. Mistrust
Early Childhood = Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
Late childhood = Initiative vs. Guilt
School age = Industry vs. Inferiority
Adolescence = Identity vs. Role confusion
Early adulthood = Intimacy vs. Isolation
Middle adulthood = Generativity vs. Self-absorption
Later years = Integrity vs. Despair

Community Mental Health Nursing
What is Mental Health Nursing?
Psychiatric nurses work with people who are in crisis or who are experiencing life problems, as well as those with long term mental illness.
Hildegard Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relationships in Nursing
Main Goal = Safety
Nurse-Patient Relationship
Pre-Orientation phase
Orientation phase
Working phase
Termination phase

Maslow's Humanistic Theory
Hierarchy of Needs:
Love and Belonging
Cognitive Theories and Therapies
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)-Ellis
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-Beck
Milieu Therapy-Use of the total environment to treat (Bettelheim, 1948)
Milieu-All inclusive term that recognizes the people, the setting, the structure, and the emotional climate as all-important to healing
Nurses assess and provide a safe and effective milieu for their patients
Full transcript