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Track and Field

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on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Track and Field

Track & Field Evolution of the sport Description of the sport - I could not find information on who invented track and field.
- Track and field began in the year 776 BC, as the ancient Olympic Games. Also the only event they had was the foot race.
- The ancient Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece.
- This sport was created for entertainment, the love of competition, and to show the athletes physical fitness. History of track and field Levels of the sport The rules for high school level track is the same as those at the college/university, and Olympic level. At the Olympic level which is the most professional level out there, will get the most attention because the best are all competing, and will have a lot more spectators which means bigger stadiums compared to the other levels. This level has better fields and tracks as well. As an athlete progresses to this level they get opportunities for sponsorships, getting paid for competing, and become well known in this sport. Women in sports Modern track and field was when women had their own track and field competitions, this started in 1928. But even though women could participate in track and field they weren’t treated as equals, such as not being paid the same as men, or getting funding from the government for training programs. This all changed in 1972 when a rule was passed that would allow women to receive the same amount of money as men to support athletic programs in federally funded schools, and facilities, but this rule was not enforced until 1988. Back in 1866, modern track & field started in England and had English championships which were held by the Amateur Athletic Club. Then in 1896 the IOC organized the first modern Olympic Games, and over the years the Olympics grew more and more popular, then in 1913 the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) was formed by the representatives of 16 countries. They were in charge of making the standard rules of the sport, and approving world records. They created this organization to encourage other countries to join the Games. Over the years more and more countries joined to form what is today’s Olympics. What also changed was the addition of women in track and field which began in 1928. Business of sport Government support The Canadian government provides funding for all levels of track and field. For the 2012-13 year the government has provided Athletics Canada( which is the governing body for track and field, and also a member of the IAAF) with over $4.7million. This has helped send our athletes to the summer Olympic and Paralympic games, as well as be put to use for preparation for other competitions. Also this money will allow the organization to continue developing the sport of athletics for all levels, from youngster to elite athlete. Careers available Social & ethical problems in sports Role models Performance enhancing drugs are the main problem in track and field. Because athletes try to improve all the time, some will even go as far as to cheat in order to win. Through the years athletes have been using a number of different drugs and substances, such as steroids, human growth hormones, pain masking drugs. As well as other methods like blood doping. Because of this the Olympic committee has created the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), they are the ones that set the standards for controlled substances and drug testing for track and field, and other sports. Around the late 1960’s was the development of the synthetic track, this track could used for all-weather. Also it helped improve the time of runners, who previously ran on grass, and dirt surfaces. What also improved was changes to track spikes, these shoes help with traction. It was first made with leather but because leather stretches when wet, they changed to rubber, and continued changing to better materials through the years to the track spikes we have today. Careers in track and field include being a :
- player
- coach
- athletic trainer
- sports agent
- official Late 19th century track spikes Today's track spikes A positive role in track & field was Carl Lewis, who was a dominate sprinter, and long jumper in his time, starting from 1979- 1996. He set many world records in both his events, because of these accomplishments he was voted ‘Sportsman of the Century’ by the IOC, and named ‘Olympian of the Century’ by Sports Illustrated. Due to Lewis’ achievements, and popularity in track & field he inspired a lot of young athletes to have an interest in track & field, he also helped transform track & field from its amateur status in sports to what is now its current professional status, this has helped athletes to have a more lucrative and longer lasting career. A negative role model would have to be Dwain Chambers who was a British track sprinter, he has competed in many European competitions, and debuted at the 2000 Olympics. But in 2002 he began using performance-enhancing drugs, and lost his European title and record that he achieved in the same year. In 2003 he tested positive for a new type of anabolic steroid called THG, he was introduced to this drug by a nutritionist named Victor Conte. Conte told him that this was a nutritional supplement, and that it was accepted by the IAAF. What also makes Chambers a bad role model was his poor judgement in taking this drug without first knowing what kind of supplement it was and, being naïve and not taking responsibility for using a banned substance when he got caught. Due to this he was banned for a period of time from the Olympics, stripped of his medals that he won in 2002, and ordered to pay back his earnings during the time of his drug use.

The Diamond League : The diamond league is held annually by the IAAF. Athletes from Europe, Asia, and North America all compete in this competition. There are total of 32 events in this tournament 16 for males, and 16 for females. The top three athletes in their event all receive points, and the athlete with the most points, at the final meet win the Diamond race for their event with a cash prize at $10,000, as well as the Diamond trophy USA Track & Field: They hold the outdoor national championships which are held every year in June. These championships can also act as olympic trials as well as world championship qualifiers, if these tournaments are held in the same year. So the top 3 athletes in their event would qualify for the Olympics or the World championships. National Track League: The NTL holds competitions every year in different provinces in Canada. They have 11 women events and 12 men events. Also the top five athletes in their event are eligible for prize money totaled at $15,000. Thank you for listening
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