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Final TOK Presentation- Coincidence!

To what extent does perception affect our judgement when evaluating if an event is coincidental or not?
by

T Singh

on 9 March 2015

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Transcript of Final TOK Presentation- Coincidence!

The Law of Truly Large Numbers (coincidence)

Definition:
The law of truly large numbers states that with a sample size large enough, any outrageous thing is likely to happen.

Example 2:






1. Real World Application/ Knowledge Question
2. Definitions
- Coincidence
- Perception
- Judgment/ Reason
3. Concepts/Laws and Links
4. Opinions
5. Conclusion
!
WARNING
Brain at work
__________
To what extent does perception affect our judgement when evaluating if an event is coincidental or not?
Thussheeta Singh and Fathima Shabnam
Table of Contents
Definitions
Coincidence
- a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances without apparent causal connection

Perception
- the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted

Judgment/Reason
- a cause, explanation, or justification for an action or event

Apophenia
- the perception of connections and patterns in information

Concepts/Laws and Links
Example 1:
Uri Geller's Mysterious Number 11 in Regards to the 9/11 Attacks
The Coincidences of 9/11 to the Number 11
11
11
New York City has
11
letters
Afghanistan has
11
letters.
Ramsin Yuseb (The terrorist who threatened to destroy the Twin Towers in 1993) has
11
letters.
George W Bush has
11
letters.
The two twin towers make an "
11
"
11
11
New York is the
11
th state.
The first plane crashing against the Twin Towers was flight number
11
.
Flight 11 was carrying 92 passengers. 9 + 2 =
11
The tragedy was on September 11, or 9/11 as it is now known. 9 + 1+ 1 =
11
The date is equal to the US emergency services telephone number 911. 9 + 1 + 1 =
11
.
The total number of victims inside all the hi-jacked planes was 254. 2 + 5 + 4 =
11
.
September 11 is day number 254 of the calendar year. Again 2 + 5 + 4 =
11
.
Type in capitals Q33 NY.
This is the flight number of the first plane to hit one of the Twin Towers.
Highlight the Q33 N
Change the font size to 48.
Change the actual font to the WINGDINGS
So, what does this all mean? How does the
Law of Truly Large Numbers
impact our perception of both the connections between JFK and Lincoln, and the 9/11 attacks?
Sounds the same forwards and backwards
SAY YES!
Getting struck by lightning is an unlikely event.

However, Walter Summerford wasnt struck by lightning once, he was struck thrice and it never killed him.

Surprisingly, four years after his death, his gravestone was also struck by lightning.

It's not that surprising as he was an avid sportsman.
Apophenia and other laws, we see patterns, identify hidden connection and create our own meaning of what we believe as “coincidence”
Conclusions On Our Topic...
More final thoughts...
"Coincidence is logical" ~ Johan Cruyff
So, is it?
Real World Application/ Knowledge Question
just a coincidence
Full transcript