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The Early Religion of Zoroastrianism
Transcript of The Early Religion of Zoroastrianism
Ancient Iranian religion and religious philosophy
Zoroaster : a troubled man who lived between 1700 and 600 BCE
Zoroastrianism arose in the eastern region : The Persian Empire
Emerged from a common prehistoric Indo-Iranian in the early 2nd millennium BCE
Ahura Mazda : the supreme being and creator
Sacred writings are called "Avestan Scriptures"
Avesta comprises in 5 parts : the Yasna, the Yashts, the Visperad, the Vendidad & the Khordeh Avesta (the minor Avesta)
Combinations hymns, laws, prayers & theological teachings
The Yosna Liturgy includes : 22 chapters (also known as Gathas)
Gathas are combined into 5 hymns- dealing specifically with religious matters related to Ahura Mazda
Gathas are the spiritual core of the Yasna Liturgy
Zoroaster's early life was very similar to Jesus'
His ancestor's could be traced back forty-five generations to the Persian version of Adam
Much of what is in the Avesta is included in Biblical Scriptures
Zoroaster influenced the Christian belief in God, who is the source of all goodness in the universe, as well as the belief in the Devil.
How Zoroastrianism Relates to Christianity
Beliefs (The Four C's)
Yasna 12: The Favarane (Latin for "I declared")
Angia Haiyu: hostile spirit
Ahura Mazza: seven good spirits
Spenta Armaiti:spirit of piety and devotion
Raiding of the Cattle: one of the most important conflicts in Ancient Iranian Society
Asha: personifies justice
Druj: "lie," everything that is wrong
Kavi Vishtaspa: Hypstaspes, Zoroaster's protector
Daily Code: Good thoughts, good words, good deeds
The Yasna 12 in the Avesta
Beliefs (The Four C's) cont.
Khordad Sal: Zoroaster's Birthday
Noruz: Zoroastrian New Year
Weddings (Two Stages)
Maisazerem: Mid-Spring Feast
Maidyosahem: Mid-Summer Feast
Ayathrem: Bringing Home the Herds
Maidyarem: Midyear/Winter Feast
Utamaspatmaidyan: Feast of All Souls
Video of a Zoroastrian Family
The most important symbol
Represents divine presence and is the organizing principle behind the place of worship for this group - The Fire Temple
The continuous burning of the fire represents the continuing diving presence of Ahura Mazda
A winged disc with a man's upper body
Represents the Guardian spirit who sends a soul to the world to fight the battle of good against evil.
The center of the Zoroastrian culture is in Mumbai, India
Historical research states that the concept of life or death, final judgement, redemption, and the idea that Satan is God's rival, the main idea in Judo-Christian culture, were influenced by Zoroastrianism
In 538 BCE, Cyrus, a Persian King, Conquered Babylonians and pushed the Jews to return to Israel and practice their faith
Zoroastrianism gave the world the concept of Satan, Tempter and the ruler of the underworld.
Cyrus of Persia
Interesting Fact: In the Nativity story, the three wise men who followed the star to Jesus were Magis, or Zoroastrian priests!