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Imperialism Of The Philippines

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Nicholas Wichern

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of Imperialism Of The Philippines

Imperialism Of The Philippines
Reasons for Colonization
Colonization of The Philippines
How did America colonize the Philippines?
What was the Philippines like
before and after Imperialism?
Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire through diplomacy or military force
The action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous people of an area
The Philippines was colonized by Spain and then America
The Philippines gave the US access to many high value natural resources
Political leaders (in the US) felt that the island would serve as a prime port for trade to China as well as other Asian nations.
An easy victory came for the United States in the Spanish- Cuban- American War, and soon US leaders were faced with the decision of what to do with the island of the Philippines. It was then for economic reasons that the United States paid Spain, “twenty million dollars for rights to the colony, which was important to American businesspeople and military leaders because of its strategic position in the South China Sea”. The United States jumped at the opportunity to claim the Philippines.
The Philippines made a living by working in factories, industry, education, natural history, agriculture, rural economy, and domestic and foreign commerce.
The Philippines didn't have a legislature because their laws were made for them by Spaniards
How long were the Philippines imperialized?
The Philippines were a colony of United States from December 10th, 1898 to July 4th, 1946.
How did the Philippines gain it's independence?
President Woodrow Wilson promised them their independence and started giving them power by enabling them to elect people to the Philippine Senate. In 1935, The Philippine Commonwealth was created under the Tydings-McDuffie Act. The Philippines could now self-govern, with the approval of the U.S. president.
In July of 1946, the Philippines was granted its complete independence by the U.S.
What happened to the Philippines after gaining independence?
The Philippines government is a republic with three main branches
More than 80% of the population is Roman Catholic and 92.6% of the population is literate.
Who were were some important people in the Philippine-American War?
Filipino side:
Emilio Aguinaldo- was officially recognized as the First President of the Philippines
Baldomero Aguinaldo- was a leader of the Philippine Revolution.
American side:
General Otis- Played a large role in suppressing information about military tactics in the media
Mark Twain- opposed the annexing of the Philippines
What officially started the Philippine-American War?
On the evening of February 4, two American sentries, one of which was Pvt. Robert William Greyson, fired the first shots at Filipino troops at the corner of Sociego and Silencio Streets in Santa Mesa, Manila which triggered the 1899 Battle of Manila. The following day, General Arthur MacArthur, without investigating the cause of the firing, ordered his troops to advance against Filipino troops, beginning a full-scale armed clash.
What were some tactics used in the War?
On November 13, 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo decreed that guerrilla war would henceforth be the strategy. The Philippine Army began staging bloody ambushes and raids, such as the guerrilla victories at Paye, Catubig, Makahambus, Pulang Lupa, Balangiga and Mabitac.
The shift to guerrilla warfare drove the US Army to adopt counter-insurgency tactics. Civilians were given identification and forced into concentration camps with a publicly announced deadline after which all persons found outside of camps without identification would be shot on sight
How did people on mainland USA feel?
At home, Americans debated the war. Those who supported U.S. actions pointed to the Philippines’ value as a coaling station for U.S. ships; and as a springboard for expansion to China.
Those who opposed the war held meetings, wrote editorials, and sent petitions to Congress. In November 1898 they formed an Anti-Imperialist League, and in three months membership grew to over 100,000.
"The Philippines." United States Imperialism. N.p., 03 Oct. 2008. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.
Works Cited
Miller, Easton. "2. Reasons for Colonizing - US Aggression in the Philippines." Google Sites. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
"Milestones: 1899–1913 - Office of the Historian." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016
"Philippine–American War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
Wohlhieter, Karina. "Imperialism in the Philippines - Imperialism." Google Sites. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
Our Position
We believe that the imperialization of the Philippines did helped the country more than it hurt it. The US left behind a new and modernized Philippines with new laws, government, and economic opportunities that are still in effect to this day.
Supporting Evidence
By: Vito and Nick
How was the Philippines affected by the war?
As many as 200,000 Filipino civilians died from violence, famine, and disease.” These deaths tore apart families, towns, and sometimes even entire cities. As one soldier recalls, “[The city of] Caloocan was supposed to contain seventeen thousand inhabitants. The Twentieth Kansas swept through it, and now Caloocan contains not one living native".
In addition to human devastation, American forces left destruction and costly structural damage in their wake. Severe damage inhibited transportation and created expensive damage to Filipino roadways
The US helped build roads, bridges, and railways in the Philippines
The US helped to set up a republic government for the Philippines
Helped build schools and educational buildings
Created a stability inside the economy
Made the Philippines a busy trading port in Asia
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