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Norse Mythology vs. Christianity
Transcript of Norse Mythology vs. Christianity
Freya or Freyja
"Lady of Vanir"
Freya is the goddess of: - love & beauty - sex & fertility - war & death
She is part of the
tribe which consists of the fertility gods and goddesses
Married her brother Freyr, also part of the Vanir
Saley, Josh, Rebecca, Rhia & Shannon
Master of Ecstasy
Odin is a complex god that embodies every aspect of life and life itself. Being as prominent as he is, Odin is respected by many in Norse mythology from humans to giants, to elves, to even the dead.
Originated in during the 11th century in Northern Europe -
Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland
When it began, they did not have any kind of organized religion rather just tradition until they converted to Christianity during the 12th century
Consists of two tribes: -
(fertility gods/goddesses: Freya, Freyr, Nerthus)
(warrior gods/goddesses: Odin, Thor, Frigg, Loki, Baldur)
Asgard - Home of the Aesir
Vanaheim - Home of the Vanir
Alfheim - Home of the light elves
Midgard - Home of the humans
Jotunheim - Home of the giants
Svartalfheim - Home of the dark elves
Nidavellir - Home of the dwarfs
Niflheim - Home of the dead
Muspelheim- "underground", home of the demons
Yggdrasil: "Tree of Life"
What is Norse Mythology?
Connects the nine worlds of Norse Mythology together
Guardian of Asgard
God of thunder and lightning
Mjonnir “The Destroyer” - Hammer
Use hammer to call lighting and thunder
Sif was his wife
Strength was virtually unmatched
Loved by all
The idol of Vikings and barbarians
Best of the Gods"
Day 1 - Night & day
Day 2 - Sea & sky
Day 3 - Land & vegetation
Day 4 - Stars, sun & moon
Day 5 - Sea creatures & birds
Day 6 - Animals & man
Day 7 - Rest
Flesh - Earth
Unbroken Bones - Mountain
Teeth - Rocks & stones
Blood - Lakes & oceans
Skull - Sky
Brains - Clouds
Eyebrows - Fortification around world to protect from giants
Similarities of Thor's Hammer and Christianity
Most important symbol
Used as consecration for marriages, births & funerals
Symbolizes triumph over death
Samson and Delilah
The "Christ Figure"
Son of God
Second coming during the rapture
Light of the world
Knew everything about scripture
Knew his death would come
Died by crucifixion
Forgave sinners, tax collectors, sex workers, ect.
Son of Odin and Frigg
Wife of Nanna and father of Forseti.
Balder was the Norse god of light and purity.
He was considered best beloved by all, aside from Loki who brought about his downfall with the unintentional help of the blind god.
Some accounts make Balder out to be a warlord, others depict him as a gentle person
Often considered the "Christ Figure" of Norse Mythology
The Story of Balder
Son of Odin, the “all Father”
To be resurrected at Ragnarok
God of light
Wisest of the Aesir
Had a prophetic dream he would die
Murdered with a dart of mistletoe
Dubbed the “most merciful”
Rose again after three days
Forgave his murderers
Went willingly to death
Died so others would be forgiven
Stayed dead until Ragnarok
Family took revenge
Tried to stay alive
No sense of self sacrifice
The people of Norse originally had no organized religion until they were introduced to Christianity. Therefore many of the traditions, figures and symbols of Christianity trace back to the times of the Norsemen.
Note: The names of the different worlds vary from story to story but these names are the most common
Though there are many similarities between Norse and Christianity, there are also many notable differences.
What makes Odin particular interesting is that he speaks in poems, is very intelligent, and has more dealings with wit than war even though he is usually associated with being a god of war.
Son of Farbauti and Laufey
Part of the Aesir Tribe
God of Fire or God of Mischief
Married to Sigyn
Midgard the serpent
The Wolf Fenrir
Death Goddess Hel
Shape shifter/ sex change
Traveling Companion to Odin and Thor
Loki was seen as a coward, shallow, and caring only about his own self-preservation
helped bring about the Battle of Ragnarok
Similarities between him and the Devil figure in Christianity myth.
First beings of Creation
Similarities and differences
While she was meddling in the affairs of the Aesir by using her magic, they designated her a witch, eventually trying to kill her and causing a war between the Aesir and Vanir
After the war and the conversion to Christianity, new marriages were arranged
Ragnarok, the "End of the World"
The final battle between Gods and Giants, the signs are
The death of Balder
A three year long winter
Three red roosters will give warning, Fjalar will warn the giants, Niflheim will warn the dead, and Gullinkambi will warn the gods.
Heimdall will blow his horn as loud as he can to warn the dead vikings in Valhalla
Balder and Hod will rise from the dead
Ragnarok and Revelation
Sun, moon, and stars vanish
Great serpent rises out of the sea
The dead walk once more
Earth and mountains shake and all is swallowed by the sea
Fire rains down from heaven
Someone sounds a trumpet to signal the beginning of the end
There's a Great Battle between good and evil
After the Great Battle, a New Earth is formed and rises out of the sea
A New Heaven is formed: New sun and New stars
Man lives alongside the gods in peace and harmony on Earth
While both of these sets of beliefs have some interaction, they aren't equal by any means. They each have their own legends, their own explanations for how the world came to be, and their own values.