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No Child Left Behind
Transcript of No Child Left Behind
Era of Equity
late 1960s-1980s saw many moves towards equity
led to changes in school structure
led to changes in educational outcomes
"underrepresented students" see general increase in outcomes
White students see leveling out of outcomes
Milton Friedman, economist, adviser to Reagan, was father of voucher system and school choice idea--all things worth spending money on should be able to prove their worth
"A Nation at Risk"
No Child Left Behind
reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
lauded as the "flagship aid program for disadvantaged students"
was supposed to "level the playing field" by making everyone have and be held to high standards for basic skills
each state was to set its own high standards that all students would meet by 2014
Teachers had to be "highly qualified"
Punishments for not meeting Standards
School report cards
failing schools could:
have to close
lose students and money to vouchers
funded through public school funds
not obligated to follow same rules as public schools
teachers not in Union
can choose who is admitted
1 in 5 more successful than school in district
Most often located in "high poverty" communities
"Parent Trigger" laws
Jean Anyon's study of social reproduction
Study of how different schools teach to NCLB (FMS example)
Increase in numbers of teachers/administrators cheating on exams
National outrage by parents and teachers
Article about Falling International Rankings on Test Scores
U.S. students lag around average on international science, math and reading test, http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/us-students-lag-around-average-on-international-science-math-and-reading-test/2013/12/02/2e510f26-5b92-11e3-a49b-90a0e156254b_story.html
This is totally cool, but there is a problem. What is it?
Working Class School
work was following directions
answers in books
Middle Class School
work was getting right answer
some decision making, but limited options
creativity in problem solving not encouraged
lessons based on textbook
Affluent Professional School
creative, independent work
individual thought and ability to express ideas
work often creative in nature
Executive Elite Schools
work is developing analytical intellectual powers
reasoning through problems
goal is to understand how things fit together
a lot of group work and collaboration
children taught to challenge "right"
manage own time
Recognition of inequity in outcomes
recognition of need for highly qualified educators
increased accountability and standardization
increased focus on math and reading
Flight of teachers from field
Increase in alternative certification programs such as TFA
Most public schools now labeled as "failing" http://www.iirc.niu.edu
Test scores across nation and in comparison to world have fallen
worry about test scores has led to:
more money being put into areas tested
funding for humanities cut
narrowing of curriculum
narrowing of definition of "literacy"
what is literacy?
in what ways has it been narrowed?
what does this remind you of in our history of American schooling?
Race To the Top
4.35 BILLION dollar contest
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
States awarded points towards "winning"
performance based standards
for teachers and principals
Common Core Standards
lifting caps on
? What does this mean?
Common Core Standards
standardization of curriculum reaches back as far as 1890s with the Committee of Ten
Common Core Standards Power Brokers
How NCLB worked