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The naming of God and ethics
Transcript of The naming of God and ethics
God introduces himself to Moses, saying" I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob" (Exodus 3:6)
God sends Moses to Egypt to free the Israelites. "I will send you to Pharoah to bring my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt" (Page 66) Moses tells God that he is wanted in Egypt and also has a stuttering problem
God says to Moses: "You shall speak to him (Aaron) and put the words in the mouth; and I will be with your mouth and will teach you what you shall do... he shall serve as a mouth for you, and you shall serve as God for him." (Exodus 4:10-16)
"And this shall be the sign for you- that it is I who sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall worship God on this mountain" (Exodus 3:12) Call Story of Isaiah Isaiah sees God sitting on a throne, his robe filling the temple. Seraphs were in attendance above him.
One of the Seraphs talks to the other and says "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory." God is speaking to Isaiah through the angels.
"Go and say this to people..." Isaiah is sent to tell peole to change their ways. It is meant to warn the people of the destruction of the land and the Babylonian Invasion "I am lost, for I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips..." he believes he is unworthy because h has unclean lips. He has done bad things.
A seraph touches his lips with a live coal and says that with that touch his guilt and sin are gone.
"It will be burned again like a terebinth or an oak whose stump remains standing when it is felled." - foretelling the destruction of the land and people. Call Story of Jeremiah "Now the word of the Lord came to me saying..." - God is there and has presented himself to Jeremiah.
The Lord came to Jeremiah and told him that he knew Jeremiah before he was made and that he was already made to be a prophet before he was born.
He tells Jeremiah to go to whoever God says he should go to and speak whatever he commands him to speak. God wants Jeremiah to go warn people that their cities will be destroyed. Jeremiah tells God that he "doesn't know how to speak" because he is only a boy. He thinks he is to young and is cowardly.
God tells Jeremiah not to be afraid because he is with him, then touches Jeremiah's mouth and says "Now I have put my words in your mouth." God also let's tells him to "not be afraid of them, for I am with you to deliver you."
"Today I appoint you over nations and over kingdoms, to pluck up and to pull down, to destroy and to overthrow, to build and to plant." - God is saying that everything will be destroyed and that if people lose their faith in God then they will lose the protection he has to offer them. Call Story of Ezekiel In the land of Chaldeans near the Chebar river, Ezekiel has a vision of the chariot of YHWH. He is told to eat a scroll by the angels.
He receives assurance from the Lord who puts his hand on him to let him know He is there.
"Mortal, I am sending you to the people of Israel, to a nation of rebels who have rebelled against me..." He sends Ezekiel to the people of Israel (who have rebelled against the Lord) to tell them "Thus says the Lord God" to let the Israelites know that he is a prophet. He also tells Ezekiel to do whatever he is commanded to do Ezekiel doesn't say anything and this in itself is a form of objection. He is caught in resentful silence.
God tells Ezekiel to not be afraid of them, not to be dismayed by their looks, and not to be rebelious like them. God gives him the scroll to him to eat, the word of God is in him.
"I came to the exile at Telabib and I sat there among them, stunned, for seven days." - Ezekiel thought he was not intelligent or capable of teaching but ends up teaching at Telabib for seven days. 5 Stages of an Ancient Covenant Preamble - begins with the name, titles and attributes of the Great Hittite King Historical Prologue - describes the previous relations between the vassal and the sovereign Submission - outlines the expectations of relationship. Focuses on loyalty between the two Witnesses - every treaty needs a witness. For the Hittites it was their gods (forces of nature) Blessings & Curses - tells what will happen if the vassal is faithful or unfaithful to the covenant Introductory speech Imparting of a mission Objection by prophet-to-be Reassurance by God The Sign Sin and Transgression Sin refers to transgressions
Israel's understand of sin is when we realize that we stand before God and our actions do not measure up.
Breaking commandments is sinful because it is breaking our covenant with God
Sin also points out to another part of the human heart - one filled with pride and refusal to regard the other
The prophets confronted this hardness of heart by identifying the people's transgressions Henri J.M. Nouwen 1932-1996
Priest from Holland
Teacher and spiritual writer God's voice does not come through to us loud and clear all the time, nor are we always able to hear it when we think we need his guidance most. It is an intimate voice that comes from a very deep place. By listening to this voice we are able to start towards a spiritual life. We need to find this voice for ourselves and understand that it is specific to each one of us as individuals, therefore we cannot rely on someone else to find it for us. We have to trust in this voice and believe that it will lead us in the right direction. C.S. Lewis 1898-1963
Author of 'The Chronicles of Narnia' He is on a bus heading to Headinton Hill when suddenly he felt as though he was wearing stiff clothing. He felt himself being given the choice to 'open the door or keep it shut'. He didn't feel obligated to sway to either choice and so he chose to open it. He felt as though this was one of the most free acts he had ever done. "Necessity may not be the opposite of freedom, but and perhaps a man is most free when, instead of producing motives, he could only say 'I am what I do.'" Moses goes to Egypt. The Ten Plagues happen.
water turned to blood
Death of first-born
After the ten plagues happen, the Israelites make their way back to Mount Sinai The Lord says to the Israelites that now that they have seen what he has done to the Egyptians if they keep the covenant they will be God's treasured possessions
The Lord told Moses to go to the people and consecrate them and on the third day the Lord come down unto Mt. Sinai (and they can't touch the edge of the mountain or else they will die)
The Lord appears in the form of fire and answered Moses in thunder.
God gave Moses the Decalogue (also known as ten words and the ten commandments) There a 2 versions of the Ten Commandments (located in the Exodus and Deuteronomy) The Ten Commandments state what God expects of the people bound by the covenant.
The Covenant is divided into two. The First 3 focus on our relationship with God, the last 7 focuses on our relationship with the "other"
Our relationship with others is part of our worship of God.
Our covenant with God is the same covenant we have with out neighbor. transgression - a violation of a religious law without the perpetrator's understanding
Sin shows itself when the commandments are broken (we cannot be sinners in general)
In a negative way, sin reveals the holiness of God
Instead of being punished, God gives us a chance to come back to him
The prophets were sent to bring the Israelites back to the right path