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Joey and Justin Colony Project

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lib hist

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of Joey and Justin Colony Project

South Carolina Timeline
Spanish and French presence in South Carolina
1521- Spanish expedition reached the coast of South Carolina
1524- French explored the coast
1526- San Miguel de Guadalupe failed within a year to settle near Winvah Bay
1562- The French also failed to settle on Parris Island within a year
1566- The Spanish built coastal forts to discourage French
English presence in South Carolina
1629- King Charles I gave Robert Heath to settle from Albermarle Sound in North Carolina to Jekyll Island off of Georgia's coast
1663- King Charles II granted the region of Carolina to 8 Lords Proprietors
1666- Capt. Robert Sanford explored the Ashley River and took formal possession of the Carolina region for England
English colonization in South Carolina
1669- The Fundamental Constitution of Carolina was approved, which gave religious freedom
1670- The first permanent settlement and capital city was founded under the name of Charles Town (Charleston); established tax-supported free library
1680- The first group of French Huguenots arrived which caused Charles Town to move to Oyster Point (current site)
Early 1700's
1700- A hurricane struck Charleston and killed 98 colonists
1706- The French and Spanish attacked Charleston during the Queen Anne's War
1712- The territory of Carolina was divided into North and South
1713- Another hurricane struck the Carolina's and killed 70 colonists
(1715-1717)- Yemassee Indian Wars
1718- The pirate named Blackbeard sailed into Charles Town Harbor and took many hostages for ransom
1719- Citizens of South Carolina rebel against Lords Propietors and James Moore is elected governor
1721- South Carolina became Crown Colony and General Sir Francis Nicholson appointed as governor
1728- Passenger, shipping service began between New York and Charleston
1729- Seven Lord Proprietors surrendered their right to King George II
(1730-1739)- Nine townships laid out, settlers began moving into the interior. About 20,000 enslaved Africans brought to South Carolina. 40 blacks, 21 whites died in Stono slave revolt
1740- Fire in Charleston
1742- Spanish prevented from taking Charles Town in Battle of Bloody Marsh
1747- A treaty was signed saying the Choctaws can not attack French settlements
(1752) Hurricane struck, 103 killed
(1760 - 1761) Cherokee Wars
(1761) Cherokee War ended; Treaty opened land for settlement; Bounty Act offered public land tax free for 10 year in Up Country, settlers began to move in
(1769) Nine judicial district established
(1774) Henry Middleton, John and Edward Rutledge, Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden named delegates to First Continental Congress; Middleton chosen President of Continental Congress
(1775) Carolina's First Provincial Congress met
(1776) First major battle of the Revolution; 15 British warships, 1,500 troops attack Ft. Moultrie, forced away; Declaration of Independence arrived in Charles Town
(1777) New state government required each male citizen to denounce King, pledge loyalty to state
(1778) Major fire in Charles Town destroyed many building, arson suspected
(1779) British prepared sea and land expedition against Charles Town; General Washington ordered 1,400 Continental troops to Charles Town
(1780) British troops landed on Seabrook Island, warships anchored within broadside range of Charles Town, Army crossed Ashley river and established line of breastworks; encircled civilian population; siege lasted 40 days; Charles Town surrendered to British

(1781) Revolutionary leader, Col. Isaac Hayne, hanged by British outside Charles Town city limits; American forces retake most of South Carolina, advanced to within 15 miles of Charles Town
(1782) British Army defeated; left Charles Town
(1783) Charles Town renamed Charleston
1785) General Assembly legislation laid out counties, established county courts
(1786) Capital moved from Charleston to Columbia
(1788) South Carolina became 8th state
(1792) Law passed - all free African-Americans between 16 - 50 to pay annual "head tax" of $2.00
Late 1700's
By Justin Y. and Joey M.
Reasons Founded
In 1663, King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia. They created Carolina and included the previous settlement. However, because of internal problems, the crown took over the colony and formed North Carolina and South Carolina out of it in 1729.
South Carolina was founded by eight nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II.
Brief History
Spanish and French explorers arrived in the area in the 16th century, they found a land inhabited by many small tribes of Native Americans, the largest of which were the Cherokees and the Catawbas. The first European attempts at settlement failed, but in 1670 a permanent English settlement was established on the coast near present day Charleston.
The colony, named Carolina after King Charles I, was divided in 1710 into South Carolina and North Carolina. Settlers from the British Isles, France, and other parts of Europe built plantations throughout the coastal lowcountry, growing profitable crops of rice and indigo. African slaves were brought into the colony in large numbers to provide labor for the plantations, and by 1720 they formed the majority of the population. The port city of Charleston became an important center of commerce and culture. The interior or upcountry, meanwhile, was being slowly settled by small farmers and traders, who pushed the dwindling tribes of Native Americans to the west.
Type of People who live in South Carolina
Since farming was unsuccessful in South Carolina, settlers had to find a new way to make a living. They began to capture Native Americans and sell them as slaves to people in other colonies and in the West Indian islands. By 1700, the colonists discovered that rice and indigo grew very well in this land. These two goods prospered, making the farmers very wealthy. Large plantations became widespread throughout the area, and black slaves from Africa became the primary source of labor.
Until the early 1700�s, all religious groups in South Carolina were able to freely practice their faith. The three main religions were Anglicans, dissenters from the Church of England, called nonconformists, and French Huguenots. In 1704, the Anglicans successfully deprived all other religious groups from their religious freedom. Religious freedom was not restored until 1706, when the English government took necessary action.

Why settle in South Carolina
In South Carolina most of the colonists were farmers and merchants.
In South Carolina you can buy land for a very low cost which provides protection from Native Americans and slaves.,
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