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The Atlantic Slave Trade

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by

Lucas Wilson

on 13 October 2016

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Transcript of The Atlantic Slave Trade

Slavery already existed...
Old World
Before Euro Colonization: slaves were symbols of prestige, luxury, and power
slavery=not always viewed as a permanent condition
classical and medieval world slavery=not based on race (physical characteristics)
Early Civilizations=not always lowest status
Little upward mobility
based on race (social hierarchy)
lowest status in society
demand for labor=plantation based and labor intensive work
New World

1400s: Portugal sugar plantations off coast of Africa
1500s: est. Trading Posts
1550-1850 ST
1700s=demand increases
Atlantic Trade
Men-labor intensive
Islamic Trade
women-sexual or domestic servitude
Beginnings of TST
Why Africans?
Countries Participating:
-Portugal begins ST in Africa
-Britain
-Denmark
-France
-Holland
-Spain
-Norway

Upper Guinea Coast
Ivory Coast
Lower Guinea Coast
Gabon
Angola
Mozambique

Triangular Trade Routes
New England-West Africa-Americas=rum/molasses
England-Africa-Americas=manufactured goods
Middle Passage
Euro-Africa-Americas-Euro
(1500-1900): 10-16 million forcibly transported to Americas
Death March
for every 100 that reached NW, 40 died in MP or Africa
Goree Island

Off coast of Senegal
1536-Portuguese
1776-Last Slave house standing (Dutch)
Triangular Trade Route
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

'Door of No Return'
Slave-Based Economy Trajectory
(1650s) slavery demand increased=sugar plantation
Height late 1700s: 100,000 per year
ST declared Illegal
Result:
cost of slaves Increased
Reasons for decline of ST
Africans Left in Africa
Impact
Enslaved Africans
North America
Latin America
Slavery in
v.
Legacy of Slavery
Impacts of Slave Trade Cont.
Colombian Exchange
Global Trade increased
rise of capitalism
Shaped Culture, Language, Social, Genetic Aspects
more diverse pop.
Slave Resistance
Racism
Ancient Greece
-first slave society
Ancient Civilizations
Mesopotamia, Persia, Babylon, India, China, Egypt, Assyria
Middle Ages
Serfdom
Trans-Saharan Trade
Muslim Traders in North Africa
Africa
not based on race
Essential Question:
What are 2-3 examples of how the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (TST) legacy influenced society both culturally and economically in the New World and in Africa.
Full transcript