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Copy of Sonnet 138 by William Shakespeare

Lizeth Cortez, Miranda Galindo, Alexander Ramirez, Alejandra

heba matar

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Sonnet 138 by William Shakespeare

Shakespearean sonnets VS. Italian sonnets
Italian sonnet
When my love swears to me that is faithful/truthful
I believe her even though I know she is lying
Then she thinks I am some ignorant youth
Ignorant of the lies in the world
Thus she foolishly thinks that I am still a young man
Although she knows that my best days are in the past
Both of us do not admit the truth
But why is she lying/being unfaithful?
And why I don’t say I am old?
Because it is easier to love someone who looks trustworthy
And old lovers hate it when their age is defined
This is why I sleep with her and she sleeps with me
And we both find comfort in our lies

This sonnet follows the form of almost all the other Shakespearean sonnets. It is made of 14 lines and 4 stanzas. 3 of these stanzas are made of 4 lines; these stanzas are called quatrains. The last stanza is made of 2 lines; this stanza is called a couplet. It also follows the IAMBIC pentameter that says that each line is made of 10 syllables: unstressed-stressed-unstressed-stressed...
Rhyme Scheme: ababcdcdefefgg

Most Shakespearean sonnets can be divided into 3 parts:

Sonnet 138 is one of the most famous of William Shakespeare's sonnets. Making use of frequent puns ("lie" and "lie" being the most obvious), it shows an understanding of the nature of truth and flattery in romantic relationships. The poem has also been argued to be biographical: many scholars have suggested Shakespeare used the poem to discuss his frustrating relationship with the Dark Lady, a frequent subject of many of the sonnets. (To note, the Dark Lady was definitely not Shakespeare's wife, Anne Hathaway.) The poem emphasizes the effects of age and the associated deterioration of beauty, and its effect on a sexual or romantic relationship.

When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutored youth,
Unlearned in the world's false subtleties.
Thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young,
Although she knows my days are past the best,
Simply I credit her false-speaking tongue,
On both side thus is simple truth suppressed.
But wherefore says she not she is unjust?
And wherefore say not I that I am old?
O love's best habit is in seeming trust,
And age in love loves not to have years told.
Therefore I lie with her, and she with me,
And in our faults by lies we flattered be.
Italian sonnets are made of 14 lines. The first group is made of 8 lines; it is called an octave. The second group is made of 6 lines; it is called a sestet.
Rhyme Scheme: abbaabba cdcdaa

1. Octave:
Usually forms a question or talks about a problem that the speaker is facing. In this sonnet the main idea is that the speaker fell in love with a woman that might have been in love with him. She was afraid to love him. He says that she might have affection for him, maybe more than affection and maybe less. He wants her to accept his love and live for today and forget what happened in the past.
2. Sestet:
The sestet starts with a twist or a “volta”. At the beginning, DeFord says that she might have more than affection towards him. Then he says that her love for him is dying, and she rejected his love once again. He says that even though she knows that he truly loves her she does not accept his love. He also says that she is scared (maybe because they were not close) that is why she rejects his love and misses the chance of it.

3. Summary/ answer/ resolution
This part is found in the couplet. It represents the answer to a question asked or the summary to the lines before. In this sonnet the couplet shows an answer or a resolution. Shakespeare says that they lie together and by the lies they tell they forget about both their faults.
2. The turn or twist –change of mood-:
It is found in line 9 and starts with words like “but, yet, it’s…” In sonnet 138 the twist is shown in line 9 when Shakespeare says “But wherefore says she not she is unjust?”. In the first 2 stanzas Shakespeare does not mind that his mistress/love is lying to him, but in line 9 he asks why she doesn’t admit that she is lying and being unfaithful to him. He also asks himself why he doesn’t admit that he is old.
1. The dominant mood or main idea
It is found in the first two stanzas. In sonnet 138 the main idea is that his lover is cheating on him. She is unfaithful to him, but still she lies about it. He knows that she is lying, but he does not show it because he is also lying (he won’t admit that he is old).
Turn back the heart you've turned away
Give back your kissing breath
Leave not my love as you have left
The broken hearts of yesterday
But wait, be still, don't lose this way
Affection now, for what you guess
May be something more, could be less
Accept my love, live for today.
Your roses wilted, as love spurned
Yet trust in me, my love and truth
Dwell in my heart, from which you've turned
My strength as great as yours aloof.
It is in fear you turn away
And miss the chance of love today!

Give back the heart you turned away
give back your kissing breath
do not leave me
like you left me with a broken heart
wait don’t go
the affection you might have for me
it may be more than affection or less
accept my love and forget the past
your love for me is dying you rejected my love
but you know it is true the love I have in the heart you rejected
but we were both distant/not close
you are scared that is why you reject my love
and you miss the chance of it

Sonnet 138
Full transcript