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Transcript of Marie Curie
Marie was born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland.
Due to her outstanding intelligence, she graduated at the age of 15.
Marie wished to attend college in Poland, but the University of Warsaw did not accept women, so she applied for the University of Paris (Sorbonne).
She attained her master's degree in physics in the summer of 1893 and her second in math the following year. Her professors took notice of her gifts and her enthusiasm, so they opened their laboratory to her studies.
Marie met Pierre Curie in April 1894 and a deep affection developed through their shared passion of chemistry and physics.
Polonium and Radium
Effects on Physics
Marie and Pierre aided in adding Polonium and Radium to the periodic table of elemnets.
Discovered that the rays remained constant, no matter the condition or form of the uranium. She theorized that rays came from the element's atomic structure.
Created the field of atomic physics and used the word radioactivity to describe the phenomena.
Radium provided the means for X-Rays, photography, and cancer treatment.
She met her future husband, Pierre Curie, in Paris while attending college.
They were totally dedicated to their work and lived with very little and that satisfied them.
The two were married in the summer of 1895.
She and Pierre had two little girls: Ève Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie.
Discovered the radioactive elements polonium and radium.
Marie's radium was the key to a basic change in our understanding of matter and energy.
The effects of radium on living organisms showed it could damage tissue, and this discovery was put to use against cancer and other diseases.
She, and her husband Pierre, received the Nobel Prize in 1903 for their research with radium.
During World War I in 1914, she organized a fleet of portable X-ray machines for doctors on the front; influenced the development of fundamental science but also ushered in a new era in medical research and treatment.
Pierre was tragically killed on April 19, 1906 in Paris, France while crossing the street; his head was crushed beneath a horse drawn carriage.
Marie later passed away on July 4, 1934 in Sancellemoz, France, at the age of 67; she died from leukemia and it was hypothesized that she caught this disease due to her constant exposure with radium.
1. What 2 elements did Marie and Pierre discover?
2. What did people think caused Marie to die of leukemia?
3. What is one thing radium provides for us in todays modern times?