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Mesoamerica

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by

Tatyana Aguilar

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Mesoamerica

Chapter 7: Sections 1, 2, & 3
North America
South America
The Chavín were one of the earliest people that lived in Peru from about 900 to 200 BC. The center of this culture was a site called Chavín of Huantar, it was a religious and trading center. 3,000 people lived there.
Moche lived on the coastal desert of Peru from 400 BC to 600 AD in farm and fishing villages. They had two Pyramids in their urban capital. They were skilled in metalwork of Gold and Silver.
Nazca are also desert people that lived from 200 BC to 600 AD. The made designs on the desert floors. The built irragation canals and also relied on the natural springs to water their plants.
Inca Empire began many years after the earliest civilization. They rapid expansion began in the 1400s.
Their leader Pachacuti used political alliances and military forces to gain control
Economy was controlled by the government. Taxes were required and were called a Mita. Women did this by weaving clothes for the military
In Central Andes, families are put into groups of a cooperative community known as Ayllu.
Each ten ayllu have a chief, and there were no slave, but lower class served the upper class
the Incas were talented builders, like built temples, forts, and roads of stone. They did metal work and weaving of wool and cotton.
This empire only lasted 100 years.
Mesoamerica
The first civilizations had warm temperatures, plentiful rainfall, and rich volcanic soils made from the area ideal for graving crops.
Olmec people lived in the not humid, lowlands along the golf coast of Southern Mexico from about 1200 B.C to A.D 300
Also built the 1st largest towns in Mesoamerica.
Earliest Olmec town contained a large pyramid & a courtyard.
By: Krizia Luna, Tatyana Aguilar, & Yasmeen Yancey
In the Desert West the Hohokam flourished from 300 BC to AD 1500.
Most villages also had underground rooms called Kivas.
In The Eastern woodlands of North America, near Ohio and Mississippi river valleys, lived several societies known for large earthen mounds they built.
Other Cultures In America involve, The Inunit, The Iroquois, and The Plain Indians.
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