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UNIT 2 AOS 2: CHILD HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT

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Casey Hawley

on 7 September 2015

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Transcript of UNIT 2 AOS 2: CHILD HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT

UNIT 2 AOS 2:
CHILD HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT

HEALTH STATUS OF CHILDREN
DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT
UNIT 2
AOS 2 SAC
THURSDAY 11TH SEPTEMBER (PD. 4)

REVISION

Quizlet
Chapter 8-9 Text questions
Chapter 8-9 Text revision questions
Practice SACS
CHARACTERISTICS OF DEVELOPMENT
OUTCOME 2
"Describe and explain factors that affect the health and individual human development of Australia's children."
Describe characteristics of human development from birth to late childhood
Interpret data on health status of Australia's children
Identify determinants of health and development and explain impact on children
Describe a specific health issue and draw conclusions on strategies and programs to optimise child health and development
"Explains the direction and process of general human development"
2. DEVELOPMENT IS CONTINUAL
Development starts with conception and ends with death.
1. DEVELOPMENT OCCURS IN A PREDICTABLE AND ORDERLY WAY

Can you think of any examples that occurs from the ages 0-12
3. INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN TIMING OF DEVELOPMENT
Hormones, genetics, family interactions, nutrition, physical activity and health can influence rate and timing of development
4. DEVELOPMENT FOLLOWS PREDICTABLE PATTERNS
Development follows patterns that are observable in everyone.
5. DEVELOPMENT PROCEEDS FROM SIMPLE TO COMPLEX
Identify 1 example relevant to:
Infancy:
Early childhood:
Late childhood:
CEPHALOCAUDAL DEVELOPMENT
"Development from head downwards"
PROXIMODISTAL DEVELOPMENT
"Development from core outwards - towards extremities"
PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENT
INFANCY DEVELOPMENT
0-2 YEARS
PHYSICAL
INTELLECTUAL
EMOTIONAL
SOCIAL
Second fastest period of PD
Birth weight doubles by 6 months and triples by 12 months
Senses continue to develop but Vision still blurry
Bones continue ossify
Motor skills begin to develop (Start to crawl @ 6 months/stand and walk by 1/throw and kick a ball by 2

Recognise name and respond within a few months
word/object association develops
Understand cause and effect E.g if they cry they will get attention
Attention spand last a couple of seconds
Object permanence
Can imitate by 18 months
Make speech sounds by 3 months/ couple of basic words by first bday/150-300 by end of infancy
Forms emotional attachment to caregivers within months
Can express anger/happiness/frustration by 8 months
Smile at 6 weeks
Recognise facial expressions of others at 6 months
Can enjoy basic games @ 6 months (E.g. Peek a boo)
Learns appropriate social behaviours (E.g. taking turns/sharing/listening/not hitting others
At 1 year of age language develops and infants can begin to communicate
EARLY CHILDHOOD
2-6 YEARS
PHYSICAL
INTELLECTUAL
EMOTIONAL
SOCIAL
LATE CHILDHOOD
6-12 YEARS
PHYSICAL
INTELLECTUAL
EMOTIONAL
SOCIAL
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
INFANT DEATHS FROM SIDS
LEADING CAUSES OF CHILD MORTALITY
CHILDHOOD CHRONIC CONDITIONS
CHILDHOOD INCIDENCE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES
CHILDHOOD MENTAL HEALTH MORBIDITY
HOSPITALISATIONS OF KEY CHILDHOOD CONDITIONS AGED 5-12
Slow and steady growth
Bones continue to lengthen and ossify
Body fat levels decrease
May begin to lose baby teeth
Rapid motor skill development (Kicking/Catching/throwin/riding a tricycles/hold crayons/use scissors/tie shoe laces
Begin participating in family routines increasing communication skills
Attend playgroup/kindergarten allowing them to learn key social skills (E.g. sharing)
Start to develop independence (E.g. may want to dress themselves)
Start to develop friends/imaginary friends
Identify an example of continual development that takes place in childhood
ADAPTATIONS OF THE NEONATE
"Baby is referred to a neonate in its first 28 days of life"
KEY INF0
COLOSTRUM
APGAR TEST
"First test given to newborns to assess the infant's adaptation to life outside the womb"
ACTIVITY (Muscle Tone)
PULSE (Heart rate)
GRIMACE (Responsivness)
APPEARANCE (Skin Colour)
If the neonate scores 7 or above they are considered to have adapted to the outside world
If the neonate doesn't score 7 or above within 5 minutes, medical attention may be required
RESPIRATION (Breathing)
Infant takes first breath within 10 seconds of being born and fill with air for the first time

Infant relies on regular feeding to grow and develop

Mother produces COLUSTRUM in the few days of giving birth and then breast milk

Kidney's, liver and bowel begin to function just after birth, allowing the baby to excrete

Newborns are not capable of regulating their temperature and rely on blankets, clothing etc to survive
MECONIUM
Concentrated breastmilk, rich in antibodies, boosting the babie's immune system
Dark sticky tar, passed through the neonates bowles rather than normal faecies.
Begin to develop a sense of empathy
May use physical violence to express frustration
Express their feelings through play
Rapid language development
Can say approx 1500 - 2500 words
Begin to question many thinga. WHY?
Attention span increases and can begin to follow instruction
May learn to write basic letters and read basic books
Slow and steady
Grow 5-6cm/year and weight increases 3kg/year
Males/Females have similar body shapes
Head grows slower than torso, arms, legs
Permanent teeth continue to develop
Gain greater and more complex motor skills
Can write basic sentences
Commence formal schooling
Develop relationships away from the family
Learn to share, communicate and resolve conflicts
Morals further develop
Start to want to be accepted by others
Continue to control and recognise emotions
Can control emotions in a range of settings
Tantrums are not common
Self concept is established but modifies overtime
Can generally follow basic instructions
Problem solving continues to develop
By end of childhood they may know over 10000 words
Reading begins to become more fluent
Can perform basic math problems
Attention span begins to increase and can sit quietly for longer
Long term memory develops
Using data, identify two trends evident in the graph above
(4 Marks)
What is the leading cause of death for
1-4 year olds & 5-9 year olds
(2 Marks)

Describe a reason why it is the leading cause of mortality
(2 Marks)
Graph the cancer mortality rates among children from 1997 - 2010

Define cancer
(2 Marks)

What are the two most common forms of cancer in childhood
(2 Marks)
Identify the most frequent reported chronic condition
(1 Mark)

Approximately what % of children suffer from the condition
(1 Mark)
Using data, identify one trend evident in the graph above
(2 Marks)

Outline 2 of the health conditions that are identified in the graph
(4 Marks)
Describe SIDS
(3 Marks)

Identify and outline 1 determinant that impacts the risk of SIDS
(2 Marks)

Using data outline the changes in infant mortality rates after the introduction of the SIDS campaign
(2 Marks)
Describe Type 1 diabetes
(2 Marks)

Identify 3 population groups in Australia that are at greater risk of suffering from childhood type 1 diabetes
(3 Marks)
PADLET TASK

Describe your determinant and outline how it impacts 2 aspects of
HEALTH

and 2 aspects of
DEVELOPMENT using the PADLET class wall.
Be able to
DESCRIBE
one key prenatal health issue and identify 1
DETERMINANT
from each category that increase/decrease the risk of the condition chosen
CHILDHOOD
KEY HEALTH ISSUES

ASTHMA
OBESITY
SIDS
TYPE 1 DIABETES
ADHD
ALLERGIES
Be able to identify
PERSONAL STRATEGIES
and a
HEALTH PROMOTON PROGRAM
to promote health and development of Australian children in relation to your chosen health issue
TASK:





Create a PowToon, poster or brochure on your selected childhood health issue. You are to include the following information:

1. A description of the issue you have
selected (include diagram if appropriate)

2. Relevant Australian statistics in relation to
children

3. How the heath issues impacts 2 aspects of
heath an 2 aspects of development

4. Identification of 4 determinants
(1 from each category) relevant to the
key health issue selected, followed
by a description of how each determinant
acts as a positive or negative factor on
the key health issue.

5. Identification of 3 personal strategies a
child could do to prevent the selected
health issue

6. Description of one health promotion
initiative that has been designed to promote
the health and development of youth in
relation to the selected key health issue
Full transcript