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Transcript of Hatshepsut
Birth and Death
Source 1 is a primary source because it is a photograph of Hatshepsuts mummy. Hatshepsut is believed to have been born in 1508BC and her assumed death date is 1458BC. She was mummified after her death and placed in a grand tomb. In around 1000BC to protect her mummy from tomb raiders her body was re wrapped and moved to her beloved wet nurses tomb. Her body was not given a new sarcophagus and her old one was left empty. In 1917 when her tomb was discovered all that was found was a wisdom tooth in a box labelled Hatshepsut in hieroglyphics.
Almost 80 years later KV60a was discovered. In this tomb were two unlabelled women. The mummy in the sarcophagus was taken out and displayed in the Cairo Museum. The other mummy was left
undisturbed, later National Geographic conducted a research investigation on the two mummies. Using the tooth found they identified that the mummy with out the sarcophagus was Hatshepsut.
Source 2 is a secondary source as it is a drawn illustration of the stone it was found on. It depicts Hatshepsuts mother (Queen Ahmose) Hatshepsuts father (Pharaoh Thutmose I) and sister Neferubity.
The original stone was found in a temple in Thebes
Hatshepsut is not featured in this source. Hatshepsut was married to her half brother Thutmose II around the age of twelve. She then assumed the title of Queen of Egypt. Very little is known about Hatshepsut's early life it is believed she had five sisters and one half brother.
How and why did Hatshepsut become powerful
Source 3 is a primary source depicting Hatshepsut (on right) in the full attire of a Pharaoh. Her stepson Thutmose III (on the left) in the attire of a co regent without the flail and crook of a Pharaoh. Hatshepsut became queen regent when her husband died because her stepson was to young to rule. After about two years as regent she assumed the title of co-ruler an ostentatious move for a women at the time. She than escalated upwards becoming Pharaoh and claiming the title once owned by her grandmother "Gods wife of Amun" which placed her higher than a Pharaoh as she was more than a walking god she was the wife of the top god in egyptian society. Her newly acclaimed title and her "pure" royal bloodline gave her a strong claim to the throne. But there was much doubt about whether a women should become Pharaoh.
Position in Society
Source 4 is a primary source because it is a photograph. It depicts Hatshepsut as Pharaoh. She is displayed with the traditional Nemes headdress worn by Pharaohs and also displayed in the traditional Pharaoh stance. Usually she is portrayed with a feminine body shape. It is believed she portrayed herself like this to show that females and males were similar and that a female had the ability to be a Pharaoh. Later in her reign she singularly displayed herself as a male only without the subtle feminism she showed in the first part of her reign. She ruled from 1479BC till her death in 1458BC.
Responsibilites of this role
Source 5 is a primary source as it is a photograph of a temple erected by Hatshepsut to the gods and for herself. It was a Pharaohs job to erect monuments and temples to the gods and to keep the gods in favour with the people of ancient Egypt. It was also a Pharaohs job to conquer new lands and expand egyptian empires. During Hatshepsuts reign there was not much territorial gain which lead the common folk, soldiers and viziers to believe that Hatshepsut as a women was not fit to rule because a women could not command an army as well as a man could. It is believed that Hatshepsut was not a big fan of war because she only fought when absolutely necessary.
Positive Impacts made by Hatshepsut
Source 6 is a primary source from a stone on one of Hatshepsuts obelisks. Source 6 depicts Hatshepsuts journey to the mystical land of Punt. Punt is believed to have been a strange exotic land in the Mediterranean sea. It is thought to have been ruled solely by woman. All important business was completed by women. It was a land filled with exotic creatures and interesting plants like the precious myrrh used for incense burning. Although as depicted in source 6 there were many great expeditions but not all people were happy with Hatshepsut, believing her to be a useless ruler because she was a woman.
Negative impacts of reign
Source 7 is a primary source showing Amon-Ra crowning Queen Hatshepsut with the Khepresh, the Blue Crown of War, this is from one of her two granite obelisks. Unlike many other Pharaohs there are few stone carvings that show Hatshepsut preparing for war or winning wars. Territorial gain was very important in ancient Egypt, it gave the soldiers some money and kept them occupied. It gave new sought after lands to Egypt and trading materials. But there are downsides to war it causes grief and death. The egyptians thought that a female was too weak to overlook the bad side of war and to enjoy the fighting. Hatshepsut only went to war when absolutely necessary which caused men to doubt a female ruler.