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Morphology: Meaning Chunks in Words

Department of Education, Northwest Nazarene University
by

Karen Blacklock

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Morphology: Meaning Chunks in Words

Morphology:
Meaning Chunks
in Words

Letter Level
u

/n /d /e /n /i /a /b /l /e
3 LAYERS OF ORTHOGRAPHY
(From Greek)
hydrophone
Syllable Juncture Level
un / de / ni / a / ble
Morpheme Level
un / deni / able
Why?
Comprehension!
Chunking multisyllable words for pronunciation and meaning
When?
Grades 1-6 and beyond
What?
- Prefixes
- Suffixes
- Greek & Latin Roots
- Compound Words
- Homophones
Inflectional Endings
-- do not change basic meaning of word, but modifies it to indicate tense, person, number, and gender
(walked, Ann's, boats)
MORPHOLOGY: The study of the structure and forms of words, including:
Compounding
-- 2 words combined to make a longer word
(lipstick, hotdog)
Derivation
-- Affixes and root words
(matchless, reteach)
MORPHEME -- The smallest linguistic unit that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful elements
1. A single word may contain one or more morphemes

fun -- 1 morpheme
funny -- 2 morphemes
funniest -- 3 morphemes
2. A word may be made up of a single morpheme with more than one syllable.

Corduroy
Liquid
3.
Free Morphemes
-- Words like "
cat
" and "
danger
" that can stand alone
4.
Bound Morphemes
-- Cannot stand alone -- are always attached to free morphemes

Prefixes and suffixes like "
re
" and "
tion
"
(From Latin)
reformatory
Institution where young or first time offenders are sent for training

To reform their behavior?
Instrument for listening to sound transmitted through water
(From Greek)
chronographer
One who measures and records time intervals with a special instrument called a chronograph
Common Prefixes and Suffixes
How many morphemes?
1. preview ______

2. retract ______

3. mismatched ______

4. biweekly ______

5. brightest ______

6. beautiful ______

7. teacher ______

8. reactionary ______
1.
pre/view ___2___

2. re/tract

___2___

3. mis/match/ed ___3___

4. bi/week/ly ___3___

5. bright/est ___2___

6. beauti/ful ___2___

7. teach/er ___2___

8. re/act/ion/ary ___4___
Common Latin Roots
How many morphemes?
1. contraband ______

2. aquaduct ______

3. faction ______

4. structural ______

5. incredulous ______

6. inject ______

7. extramarital ______

8. credible ______
1. contra/band ___2___

2. aqua/duct ___2___

3. fac/tion ___2___

4. struct/ur/al ___3___

5. in/cred/ul/ous ___4___

6. in/ject ___2___

7. extra/marit/al ___3___

8. cred/ible ___2___
Common Greek Roots
How many morphemes?
1. geography ______

2. amphitheater ______

3. automobile ______

4. biography ______

5. chronology ______

6. geoscope ______

7. bibliography ______

8. dentist ______

9. macrocosm ______

10. phonics ______
1. geo/graph/y ___3___

2. amphi/theater ___2___

3. auto/mobile ___2___

4. bio/graph/y ___3___

5. chron/ology ___2___

6. geo/scope ___2___

7. biblio/graph/y ___3___

8. dent/ist ___2___

9. macro/cosm ___2___

10. phon/ic/s ___3___
Homonyms
Homophone

Same pronunciation, different meaning and spelling

blue – blew
ate – eight
Same oral or written form but different meaning
Homograph

Same spelling whether or not words are pronounced alike

pen – pen
bow – bow - bow - bow - bow
re form atory
again shape ? place ?
hydro phone
water sound
chron graph er
time write, record one who
Morphology = Structural Analysis
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